Analisis Model Mental Siswa pada Materi Larutan Elektrolit dan Nonelektrolit: Studi Kasus di Pandeglang

JRPK: Jurnal Riset Pendidikan Kimia

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Title Analisis Model Mental Siswa pada Materi Larutan Elektrolit dan Nonelektrolit: Studi Kasus di Pandeglang
 
Creator Wilandari, Dinda Novia
Ridwan, Achmad
Rahmawati, Yuli
 
Description This research aimed to analyse the students’ mental models of one of schools in Pandeglang in electrolyte and non-electrolyte solutions learning. The participants were year X students in science program. The method employed case study on understanding the participants’ background.  The data collection techniques of observation, interview, reflective journal free words association, and free drawing techniques. The research results showed that the students constructed mental based on their understanding and experiences, assisted with the analogies that they constructed which is influenced by their characteristics and environment. The examples were the students analogized ion that freely moves in electrolyte and non-electrolyte solutions with fish, bees and goats, while ionic bond was analogized with sadaqah, zakat, and waqf. The students’ mental models on the learning material of electrolyte and non-electrolyte solutions were divided into mental model that was consistent with the concept and the mental model that deviated from the concept. The discrepancy of the student’s mental models was influenced by their understanding and experiences.
Keywords: mental model, case study, electrolyte and non-electrolyte solutions
Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis model mental siswa di salah satu SMA di Pandeglang pada materi larutan elektrolit dan nonelektrolit. Subjek penelitian adalah siswa kelas X. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah etnografi yang merupakan salah satu tipe penelitian studi kasus yang terfokus memahami latar belakang partisipan. Teknik pengumpulan data berupa observasi kelas, wawancara, reflektif jurnal siswa, free words association, dan free drawing techniques. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa siswa mengkonstruksi model mental berdasarkan pemahaman dan pengalaman siswa yang dibantu dengan analogi yang dibuatnya dan dipengaruhi oleh karakteristik dan lingkungan sekitar siswa. Analogi ion bergerak bebas pada materi larutan elektrolit dan nonelektrolit yang dikonstruk siswa adalah ikan, lebah, kambing, sedangkan analogi ikatan ion  yang dibuat siswa adalah sedekah, zakat, dan wakaf. Model mental siswa pada materi larutan elektrolit terbagi dalam model mental yang sesuai dengan konsep dan model mental yang tidak sesuai dengan konsep. Ketidaksesuaian model mental siswa dipengaruhi oleh pemahaman dan pengalaman siswa. 
Kata Kunci: model mental, kualitatif, larutan elektrolit dan nonelektrolit
 
Publisher LPPM Universitas Negeri Jakarta
 
Date 2018-12-27
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Peer-reviewed Article
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://journal.unj.ac.id/unj/index.php/jrpk/article/view/10295
10.21009/JRPK.082.03
 
Source JRPK: Jurnal Riset Pendidikan Kimia; Vol 8 No 2 (2018): JRPK - Jurnal Riset Pendidikan Kimia, Volume 8 Nomor 2 (2018); 84 - 94
2597-8772
2252-5378
10.21009/JRPK.082
 
Language ind
 
Relation http://journal.unj.ac.id/unj/index.php/jrpk/article/view/10295/6693
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2018 Author(s)
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
 

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