American Communist Idealism in George Cram Cook’s The Athenian Women (1918)

Keria: Studia Latina et Graeca

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Title American Communist Idealism in George Cram Cook’s The Athenian Women (1918)
Idealizem ameriškega komunizma v drami Atenke (1918) Georgea Crama Cooka
Creator Hall, Edith
Subject Athenian Women
George Cram Cook
left-wing theatre in the USA
George Cram Cook
levičarsko gledališče v ZDA
Description The Athenian Women, written by the American George Cram Cook with input from Susan Glaspell, is a serious, substantial play drawing chiefly on Lysistrata and Thesmophoriazusae. It premiered on March 1st 1918 with the Provincetown Players. Cook was convinced of parallels between the Peloponnesian War and World War I. He believed there had been communists in Periclean Athens comparable to those who were making strides in Russia (in 1922 to become the USSR) and the socialists in America, amongst whom he and Glaspell counted themselves. The paper examines the text and production contexts of The Athenian Women, traces its relationships with several different ancient Greek authors including Thucydides as well as Aristophanes, and identifies the emphatically stated socialist and feminist politics articulated by the two main ‘proto-communist’ characters, Lysicles and Aspasia. Although the play was not particularly successful, its production had a considerable indirect impact on the future directions taken by left-wing theatre in the USA, through the subsequent dramas of Glaspell and Eugene O’Neill for the Provincetown Players.
Atenke, ki so prišle izpod peresa Američana Georgea Crama Cooka s prispevkom Susan Glaspell, so resna in tehtna drama, ki se opira predvsem na komediji Lizistrata in Ženske v skupščini. Premiera je bila 1. marca 1918 v gledališki skupini Provincetown Players. Cook je verjel v vzporednice med peloponeško in prvo svetovno vojno. Menil je, da so v Periklovih Atenah obstajali komunisti, primerljivi s tistimi, ki so v njegovem času napredovali v Rusiji (ki je leta 1922 postala ZSSR), in s socialisti v Ameriki, med katere sta se prištevala oba s Susan Glaspell. Članek analizira besedilo in uprizoritveni kontekst Atenk ter odnos drame do različnih grških avtorjev, med njimi do Tukidida in Aristofana, ter identificira eksplicitno socialistično in feministično politiko dveh osrednjih »protokomunistov«, Lisikleja in Aspasije. Čeprav predstava ni bila posebej uspešna, je imela uprizoritev posredno precejšen vpliv na usmeritev levičarskega gledališča v ZDA preko dram, ki sta jih za Provincetown Players nato ustvarila Susan Glaspell in Eugene O’Neill.
Publisher Znanstvena založba Filozofske fakultete
Date 2018-11-22
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Format application/pdf
Source Keria: Studia Latina et Graeca; Vol 20 No 3 (2018); 7-25
Keria: Studia Latina et Graeca; L. 20 Št. 3 (2018); 7-25
Language eng
Rights Copyright (c) 2018 Edith Hall

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