Religion, identity, and modern institutions: a reflection on two examples in the Muslim world

The Museum Review

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Title Religion, identity, and modern institutions: a reflection on two examples in the Muslim world
Creator Bahji, PhD, Zineb
Description This article is a study on cultural diversity, identity, and modern institutions in relation to Islam and Islamic fundamentalism. The study focuses on two distinct examples: the cultural genocide carried out by the terrorist non-state actor known as the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS) and the new Moroccan cultural projects of modernizing the national museums. The article aims to show that while ISIS strives to eradicate all forms of cultural and religious diversities in the region through destroying cultural property, Morocco is engaged in democratizing cultural diversity and promoting religious tolerance through the modern institution of the museum. The study also aims to explain that the act of destroying cultural property by ISIS has many motives other than the iconoclastic ideology of this terrorist insurgency. With regard to issues surrounding religious items in museums and the concept of ritual, this study shows that such cultural genocide is a mechanism through which the members of ISIS aim to construct an idealized and fixed identity that is based on pure theological input. This is a step towards the establishment of a Caliphate state where cultural diversity, freedom of belief, modernity, and modern institutions are intolerable.
Publisher Rogers Publishing Corporation NFP
Date 2018-07-13
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Format application/pdf
Source The Museum Review; Vol 3 No 1 (2018)
Language eng
Rights Copyright (c) 2018 Zineb Bahji, PhD

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