The new diaspora trap framework: Explaining return migration from South Africa to Zimbabwe beyond the failure-success framework

Migration Letters

View Publication Info
 
 
Field Value
 
Title The new diaspora trap framework: Explaining return migration from South Africa to Zimbabwe beyond the failure-success framework
 
Creator Nzima, Divane
Moyo, Philani
 
Subject social sciences; Geography; Sociology; Economics
Migration; Human mobility; Integration; Immigration; Acculturation
 
Description This article explores how South Africa-based Zimbabwean skilled migrants are dissuaded from returning home permanently. The study was conceptualised against the background that return migration has often been explained based on migrant failure or success in the host country. This failure-success dichotomy stems from the neo-classical economics theory of migration, the new economics of labour migration and the structuralist approach to return migration. Using a qualitative methodological approach, this article challenges the failure-success theoretical position through an exploration of socio-economic factors in Zimbabwe and South Africa that deter permanent return migration. The article contributes to return migration theorising by introducing a new diaspora trap framework which argues that permanent settlement is not always voluntary. Central to this involuntary permanent settlement is the social construction of migrants as successful in Zimbabwe. Zimbabwean skilled migrants are thus entrapped in South Africa because of failure to live up to the success social construct, and their inability to mitigate adversities in the host country.
 
Publisher Transnational Press London
 
Contributor
 
Date 2017-09-06
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Peer-reviewed Article
Research paper
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier https://journal.tplondon.com/index.php/ml/article/view/811
 
Source Migration Letters; Vol 14, No 3 (2017); 355-370
1741-8992
1741-8984
 
Language eng
 
Relation https://journal.tplondon.com/index.php/ml/article/view/811/625
 

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