The political economy of UN System operational activities: overcoming the bilateralization of multilateralism through pooled funds?

Monções: Revista de Relações Internacionais da UFGD

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Title The political economy of UN System operational activities: overcoming the bilateralization of multilateralism through pooled funds?
A economia política das atividades operacionais do Sistema ONU: superando a bilateralização do multilateralismo por fundos agrupados?
 
Creator Campos, Luciana R.
 
Subject United Nations. Multi-partner trust funds. Pooled funds.
Nações Unidas; Fundo Fiduciários Multi-Parceiros; Fundos Agrupados
 
Description This article intent is to present the different means through which UN activities are financed – such as by assessed, voluntary or earmarked contributions – and to understand how their allocation affects the degree of influence that can be potentially exerted by those who finance the bulk of UN activities. Firstly, an introductory section describes the specifics of UN aid-related activities, in contrast with its normative functions at its decision-making bodies or set at international conferences sponsored by UN system entities. Then, it lays out the multiple forms through which UN system entities finance their activities: from the mandatory contributions, attached to UN and its specialized agencies membership, to the different types of voluntary contributions, such as those earmarked for a specific project or country that by the mid-1990s surpassed the volume of mandatory ones. Finally, we assess what the gathered data inform about the relation between the UN funding structure and the opportunities and constraints presented to actors interested in promoting a less fragmented flow of UN operational activities. We identified pooled funds as a promising but underexplored mechanism to avoid the bilateralization of the multilateral cooperation forward by UN system.
Esse artigo apresenta as diferentes formas de financiamento das Nações Unidas – como por contribuições obrigatórias, voluntarias previstas no orçamento ou voluntárias de destino pré-determinado e não previstas no orçamento –, buscando compreender como esses diferentes meios de alocação de recursos podem afetar o grau de influência exercido pelos maiores financiadores das atividades da ONU. Em primeiro lugar, uma sessão introdutória descreve e especifica as atividades operacionais da ONU de ajuda internacional, em contraste com suas funções normativas encaminhadas em seus fóruns de tomada de decisão ou em conferências internacionais patrocinadas por entidades do sistema ONU. Em seguida, apresentamos as múltiplas formas pelas quais as entidades do Sistema ONU financiam seu funcionamento:  desde as contribuições obrigatórias, vinculadas a afiliação à ONU e às suas agências especializadas, até os diversos tipos de contribuições voluntárias, como aquelas atreladas a projetos ou destinatários previamente especificados, que, em meados da década de 1990, ultrapassaram em volume as contribuições obrigatórias. Concluímos o artigo escrutinando o que os dados recolhidos quanto ao financiamento das atividades operacionais da ONU nos  informa quanto a relação entre a estrutura de financiamento das Nações Unidas e as oportunidades e constrangimentos presentes para atores interessados em promover a menor fragmentação do Sistema ONU. Identificamos fundos agrupados  como uma promissora, mas ainda sub-explorada, forma de evitar a bilateralização da cooperação multilateral realizada pela ONU.
 
Publisher UFGD
 
Contributor

 
Date 2018-09-07
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion

 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://ojs.ufgd.edu.br/index.php/moncoes/article/view/8719
10.30612/rmufgd.v7i13.8719
 
Source Monções: Revista de Relações Internacionais da UFGD; v. 7, n. 13 (2018): Dossiê Democracia Global e Instituições Internacionais; 83-115
2316-8323
 
Language eng
 
Relation http://ojs.ufgd.edu.br/index.php/moncoes/article/view/8719/4549
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Rights Direitos autorais 2018 Luciana R. Campos
 

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