Nutritional and Quality Assessment of some Irrigated Wheat Genotypes in Nigeria

Arid Zone Journal of Engineering, Technology and Environment

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Field Value
 
Title Nutritional and Quality Assessment of some Irrigated Wheat Genotypes in Nigeria
 
Creator Abubakar, F.
Zigla, A.
 
Subject Nigerian wheat
Physical
Proximate
baking quality and bread
 
Description The aim of this study is to evaluate the nutritional and end-use qualities of some advanced irrigated Nigerian grown wheat genotypes which was developed and produced by Lake Chad Research Institute, Maiduguri, Borno State of Nigeria. Standard methods were used to determine the physical, milling, proximate, baking, sensory, functional, rheological and textural qualities of the Nigerian grown wheat. The result showed that grain physical characteristics of the eleven irrigated wheat genotypes were statistically significant. Flour extraction differed significantly from 66.1-79.6% in the irrigated wheat genotypes. Three irrigated genotypes namely, Florkwa-2, Soonot 5, and Hubara-3 had the highest flour extraction rate with flour yield above 75%. Proximate flour quality indicated significantly higher protein content in Hubara (15.2%), Pastor-2 (15.8%), Kauz (16.2%), Soonot-5 (15.8%), while Katila-17 had higher carbohydrate (73.2 %) than Hubara-1. The results for dough and bread functional and textural qualities further showed that Attila-7, Katilla17, Angi-2 and Soonot-5 were superior to the other genotypes, and comparable to the standard imported flour. However, bread sensory evaluation gave the standard flour higher score rating. Therefore, the nutritional and end use quality indicated that Nigerian grown wheat had properties suitable for bread production. The wheat genotypes namely Soonot -5 and Attila-7, among the other irrigated genotypes used in this study, were rated higher in bread baking quality and were even comparable to the standard imported flour which indicated that Nigerian grown wheat can be used to produce bread




 
 
Publisher FACULTY OF ENGINEERING, UNIVERSITY OF MAIDUGURI, NIGERIA
 
Date 2021-03-01
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Peer-reviewed Article
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier https://azojete.com.ng/index.php/azojete/article/view/401
 
Source ARID ZONE JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING, TECHNOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENT; Vol. 17 No. 1 (2021); 27-34
2545-5818
1596-2490
 
Language eng
 
Relation https://azojete.com.ng/index.php/azojete/article/view/401/273
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2021 Arid Zone Journal of Engineering, Technology and Environment published by University of Maiduguri, Nigeria.
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
 

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