Religion, identity, and modern institutions: a reflection on two examples in the Muslim world

The Museum Review

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Field Value
 
Title Religion, identity, and modern institutions: a reflection on two examples in the Muslim world
 
Creator Bahji, PhD, Zineb
 
Subject Museum; museum history; museum studies; museum researchh
Museum; Diversity; fundamentalism; cultural property; Islamic nationalism; modern institutions; identity
 
Description This article is a study on cultural diversity, identity, and modern institutions in relation to Islam and Islamic fundamentalism. The study focuses on two distinct examples: the cultural genocide carried out by the terrorist non-state actor known as the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS) and the new Moroccan cultural projects of modernizing the national museums. The article aims to show that while ISIS strives to eradicate all forms of cultural and religious diversities in the region through destroying cultural property, Morocco is engaged in democratizing cultural diversity and promoting religious tolerance through the modern institution of the museum. The study also aims to explain that the act of destroying cultural property by ISIS has many motives other than the iconoclastic ideology of this terrorist insurgency. With regard to issues surrounding religious items in museums and the concept of ritual, this study shows that such cultural genocide is a mechanism through which the members of ISIS aim to construct an idealized and fixed identity that is based on pure theological input. This is a step towards the establishment of a Caliphate state where cultural diversity, freedom of belief, modernity, and modern institutions are intolerable.
 
Publisher Rogers Publishing Corporation NFP
 
Contributor
 
Date 2018-07-13
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Peer-reviewed Article
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://journals.sfu.ca/rogerspub/index.php/tmr/article/view/14
 
Source The Museum Review; Vol 3, No 1 (2018)
2574-0296
 
Language eng
 
Relation http://journals.sfu.ca/rogerspub/index.php/tmr/article/view/14/14
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2018 Zineb Bahji, PhD
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0
 

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