Regional integration in Latin America: historical developments, current challenges, especially in Mercosur

Meridiano 47 - Journal of Global Studies

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Title Regional integration in Latin America: historical developments, current challenges, especially in Mercosur
Integração Regional na América Latina: desenvolvimentos históricos, desafios atuais, especialmente no Mercosul
Creator de Almeida, Paulo Roberto
Subject international trade; regional integration
Latin America; Mercosur; regional integration; trade; world economy

América Latina; Mercosul; integração regional; comércio; economia mundial.
Description Historical essay dealing with the regional processes of economic integration in Latin America, following the main phases of attraction and repulsion in those experiments; main challenges for the accomplishments of that integration have been industrialization efforts by countries, characterized by protectionist trade and industrial policies, defense of national sovereignty, and also rules presiding the multilateral trade system during the initial phase of Gatt; reforms in that system, allowing for some flexibility in the reciprocity clauses, started a new phase in that process, opening the way for a sub-regional approach in the integration agreements; Brazil and Argentina decided to create Mercosur, with a customs union framework to arrive at a common market objective; despite some progresses, the project is still unfinished.
Ensaio histórico sobre os processos de integração regional na América Latina, segundo as diferentes fases de atração e bloqueio nos experimentos; principais desafios ao cumprimento dos objetivos integracionistas foram os processos de industrialização substitutiva nos países da região, marcados pelo protecionismo comercial e dirigismo industrial, a defesa da soberania nacional, além das regras do sistema multilateral de comércio na fase inicial do Gatt; reformas nesse sistema permitindo alguma flexibilização nas cláusulas de reciprocidade deram a partida a uma nova fase no processo, mas caracterizada pela sub-regionalização dos acordos de integração; o Brasil e a Argentina decidiram criar o Mercosul segundo um modelo de união aduaneira, mas tendo como objetivo um mercado comum; a despeito de algumas realizações, o projeto permanece inacabado.
Publisher Instituto Brasileiro de Relações Internacionais

Date 2018-04-25
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article

Format application/pdf
Source Meridiano 47 - Journal of Global Studies; Vol 19 (2018)
Meridiano 47 - Journal of Global Studies; Vol 19 (2018)
Language eng
Coverage Latin America; South America; South Cone
20th century; 21st century


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