The place of literature in the postnational era

Verba Hispanica

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Field Value
 
Title The place of literature in the postnational era
El lugar de la literatura en el escenario posnacional
Mesto književnosti v postnacionalni dobi
 
Creator Saldaña, Alfredo
 
Subject universal literature
theory of literature
postnationalism
literatura universal
teoría de la literatura
posnacionalismo
svetovna književnost
teorija književnosti
postnacio-nalizem
 
Description In the current postnational era, literature has not failed to reflect dialectical tensions between the universal and the local, the self and the other. In the representation of these tensions the concept of the nation has often played a relevant role while also undergoing continual periods of crisis. Labelled by some as “The End of History”, the postmodern condition (Lyotard) is for many nothing but a signal of a post-historical, post-ideological, post-colonial and post-metaphysical era, a sign of loss, a symptom of a new political order that Habermas and Hardt-Negri have termed, respectively, “postnational constellation” and “empire”. It constitutes an unprecedented global version of sovereignty and domination that differs from modernity’s colonial imperialism in lacking a localized centre or clearly defined territorial boundaries. In this (inter/post)national scenario literature has recovered much of the freedom that it had been deprived of by nationalist tendencies in the past.
Desde los albores de la modernidad y al menos en Occidente, es un hecho comprobado que los proyectos nacionalistas se han sostenido con frecuencia y en gran medida sobre categorías culturales, entre las que la lengua y la literatura ocupan lugares destacados. A menudo, la lengua y la literatura han dejado de ser herramientas con las que explorar el mundo, al margen de todo tipo de fronteras y divisiones, para convertirse en elementos de afirmación nacionalista. Así, nacionalismo, nación, Estado nacional, nacionalidad, identidad nacional, cuestión nacional y singularidad lingüística y cultural son conceptos de acuñación específicamente europea que han recorrido senderos paralelos desde las décadas finales del siglo XVIII, momento seminal de la modernidad en el que se sientan las bases políticas, culturales y estéticas de lo que posteriormente conoceremos con el nombre de romanticismo.
Tudi v aktualni postnacionalni dobi literarna besedila prikazujejo dialektično napetost med univezalnim in posameznim, med lastnim in tujim; pri predstavljanju teh napetosti je kategorija naroda pogosto igrala pomembno vlogo ter ob tem hkrati doživljana nenehne krize. Spričo preroške napovedi »Konca zgodovine« pa postmoderno stanje (Lyotard) za mnoge ne more pomeniti drugega kot postzgodovinsko, postideološko, postkolonialno in postmetafizično znamenje, oznanilo izgube, simptom novega političnega reda, ki ga Habermas imenuje »postnacionalna konstelacija«, Hardt in Negri pa »imperij«, nova globalna verzija oblasti in nadvlade, ki se od imperialističnega kolonializma moderne dobe razlikuje v tem, da nima določenega središča in jasno opredeljenih ozemeljskih meja; v tej (inter/post)nacionalni dobi je književnost ponovno pridobila velik del svobode, ki so ji jo v preteklosti iztrgali nacionalistični temelji.
 
Publisher Znanstvena založba Filozofske fakulte / Ljubljana University Press, Faculty of Arts
 
Date 2017-12-08
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier https://revije.ff.uni-lj.si/VerbaHispanica/article/view/7610
10.4312/vh.25.1.285-308
 
Source Verba Hispanica; Vol 25 No 1 (2017); 285-308
Verba Hispanica; Vol. 25 Núm. 1 (2017); 285-308
Verba Hispanica; L. 25 Št. 1 (2017); 285-308
2350-4250
0353-9660
10.4312/vh.25.1
 
Language spa
 
Relation https://revije.ff.uni-lj.si/VerbaHispanica/article/view/7610/7246
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2017 Alfredo Saldaña
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0
 

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