BONE MARROW ASPIRATION; ROLE AND SIGNIFICANCE IN HAEMATOLOGICAL DISORDERS

IJAR - Indian Journal of Applied Research

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Title BONE MARROW ASPIRATION; ROLE AND SIGNIFICANCE IN HAEMATOLOGICAL DISORDERS
 
Creator Katiyar, G D
Arya, Anjana
kumar, Parbodh
 
Subject
 
Description Introduction: Bone marrow examination is regarded as one of the most important diagnostic procedures to assessvarious haematological disorders. The advantages of bone marrow aspiration are numerous. This study was conductedwith the aim to evaluate the role of bone marrow aspiration and its significance in haematological disorders.Methods and Materials: This study was carried out in the Department of Pathology, Rohilkhand Medical College and Hospital, Bareilly fromJanuary 2014 to December 2015. Total 144 patients came in our department for bone marrow examinations. Patients of all age groups andgenders were included in the study. Those with inconclusive reports or inadequate samples were excluded from study. After taking history,clinical examination and complete blood counts, bone marrow was aspirated from posterior superior iliac spine under aseptic conditions. Smearswere made, stained and examined under microscope.Results: Total 144 patients came in our department for bone marrow examinations. Out of which, 139 patients were included in this study.Among these, 86(61.8%) cases were diagnosed as anaemia, out of which 19(13.7%) cases of combined deficiency anaemia, 12(8.6%) cases ofiron deficiency anaemia, 39(28.1%) cases of megaloblastic anaemia and 16(11.5%) cases of anaemia of chronic diseases. Total 17 (12.2%) casesof leukemia, 12(8.6%) cases were of Chronic Myeloid Leukemia (CML), 4(2.9%) cases were of Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) and 1(0.7%)case of Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL). Other cases included plasma cell dyscrasia 2(1.4%) cases, Immune Thrombocytopenic Purpura(ITP) 4 (2.9%) cases, hypoplastic/ Aplastic marrow 13(9.4%), normal reactive marrow 15(10.8%) and 1(0.7%) case each of microfilaria andmetastatic malignancy.Out of 139 cases, 81(58.3%) were males and 58 (41.7%) were females. The male to female ratio was 1.3:1.According to cellularty of marrow,15(10.8%) cases showed normocellular marrow, 111(79.9%) cases showed hypercellular marrow and 13 (9.4%) cases showed hypocellularmarrow.Conclusion: Bone marrow examination remains a simple, reliable and effective technique in the diagnos
 
Publisher World Wide Journals
 
Contributor
 
Date 2017-10-02
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Peer-reviewed Article
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://worldwidejournals.in/ojs/index.php/ijar/article/view/2
 
Source IJAR - Indian Journal of Applied Research; Vol 7, No 10 (2017): October
2249 - 555X
 
Language eng
 
Relation http://worldwidejournals.in/ojs/index.php/ijar/article/view/2/2
http://worldwidejournals.in/ojs/index.php/ijar/article/downloadSuppFile/2/2
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2017 G D Katiyar, Anjana Arya, Parbodh kumar
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
 

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