Inheritance Laws in Indonesia

Hayula: Indonesian Journal of Multidisciplinary Islamic Studies

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Title Inheritance Laws in Indonesia
Inheritance Laws in Indonesia
Creator Irawaty, Irawaty
Diyantari, Diyantari
Subject Minangkabau inheritance law
Pusaka Tinggi
Pusaka Rendah
Islamic Inheritance Law
Islamic Law
hukum waris mingkabau
pusaka tinggi
pusaka rendah
hukum waris islam
Hukum Islam
Description Indonesia implements civil law system. There are three sub legal systems which are implemented until today. They are: positive/national law system, Islamic law system, and Adat law system. The majority of Indonesians are Islamic believers. The people claim that they are a religious nation. However, the implementation of the inheritance law in accordance with the Islamic law and the Adat law is sometimes different. One of the ethnic groups which has different regulation in heritance is Minangkabau. Minangkabau inheritance adat law has been a controversy. It is because while they claim that all Minangkabau people are Islam, they implement an inheritance law that is said as violating the Islamic inheritance law. In Islam, inheritance is passed down to children, both daughter(s) and son(s)  with the composition son(s) inherits two parts compared to daugther(s). Many people  mislead that the Minangkabau inheritance law passes down the inheritance to daughter(s) only. This paper discusses: 1) how are inheritance matter regulated in each of the aforementioned sub legal system? 2) how is inheritance matter regulated in Minangkabau ethnic group?
Indonesia merupakan negara yang menerapkan sistem hukum yang disebut civil law. Ada tiga sub sistem yang diterapkan sampai saat ini: sistem hukum positif/nasional, sistem hukum Islam, dan sistem hukum adat. Mayoritas penduduk Indonesia adalah pemeluk agama Islam. Bangsa Indonesia mengklaim mereka adalah bangsa yang religius. Hukum waris yang diimplementasikan berbeda antara hukum Islam dan hukum adat. Salah satu grup etnis yang memiliki aturan berbeda terkait hukum waris adalah suku Minangkabau. Hukum adat waris Minangkabau kerap menjadi kontroversi. Hal ini dikarenakan mereka muslim tetapi mereka menerapkan hukum waris yang disebut melanggar hukum waris Islam. Di dalam Islam, warisan diturunkan kepada anak laki-laki dan perempuan dengan laki-laki mendapat dua bagian dibanding dengan yang diperoleh perempuan. Banyak orang yang mengira hukum waris Minangkabau mengatur bahwa warisan diturunkan hanya ke anak perempuan. Artikel ini membahas: 1) bagaimana hukum waris diatur di dalam tiga sub sistem hukum yang telah disebutkan di atas.? 2) bagaimana hukum waris diatur di dalam hukum adat Minangkabau?
Publisher Laboratorium Prodi Pendidikan Agama Islam UNJ
Date 2017-07-31
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
peer-reviewed article
Format application/pdf
Source Hayula: Indonesian Journal of Multidisciplinary Islamic Studies; Vol 1 No 2 (2017): Hayula: Indonesian Journal of Multidisciplinary Islamic Studies; 209-228
Hayula: Indonesian Journal of Multidisciplinary Islamic Studies; Vol 1 No 2 (2017): Hayula: Indonesian Journal of Multidisciplinary Islamic Studies; 209-228
Language eng
Rights Copyright (c) 2017 Hayula: Indonesian Journal of Multidisciplinary Islamic Studies

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