IMPACT OF NANOTECHNOLOGY ON HIGHER EDUCATION CURRICULA: CASES OF “CHEMISTRY ‘AND “CHEMICAL ENGINEERING” CURRICULA'

the 3rd African Conference on Research in Chemistry Education

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Field Value
 
Title IMPACT OF NANOTECHNOLOGY ON HIGHER EDUCATION CURRICULA: CASES OF “CHEMISTRY ‘AND “CHEMICAL ENGINEERING” CURRICULA'
 
Creator Djafer BENACHOUR; Department of Process Engineering, Faculty of Technology, Ferhat ABBAS University SETIF- 1,Campus El Maabouda, Setif (19000) - Algeria. Tel / fax + (213) 36 611154 Web site http://laboratoires.univ-setif.dz/L.P.M.A.M.P.M/
 
Subject

 
Description The very fast and large development of nanotechnology over the last three decades, has led to: 1. The introduction of new concepts that have to be mastered and taken into consideration: “green chemistry”; “sustainable development”; “nanotechnologies” and “nanosciences”, “convergence of sciences” … 2.  The emergence of new techniques and technologies in chemical synthesis. For example, the production of a new type of catalysts that are much more efficient: Nano catalysts: this new type of catalysts, combined to microreactor technology, were behind the mutation of catalysis, from art to science. Many synthesis reactions are now performed with a 100% yield and with no side products… 3.   The production of nanomaterials that are now being used in different fields. These nanomaterials spread out to many scientific and technologic fields, notably in materials science, in catalysis and in medicine. For instance, smart nanocarriers for drugs delivery and targeting, ranging from liposomes, to polymeric Nanospheres and micelles, are now used for cancer treatment. These drugs nanocarriers helped the emergence of what is now called “Nanomedicine”. These scientific and technological developments are having a strong impact, not only on chemical industries and chemicals production… but also on chemistry and chemistry related education curricula and research activities at different levels. This impact is clearly seen over the comparison of higher education curricula evolution of major disciplinary fields such as chemistry, chemical engineering, biology, materials science... As illustration of such an impact, the evolution of curricula from different leading higher education institutions is followed over the last three decades. It is observed that: Nanotechnology related topics increased regularly, going from “discovery and optional” courses in the 1980’s to “major and fundamental” teachings in this beginning of the XXIst century. For instance, polymer nanocomposites are now industrially produced and their teachings have become an important part in materials/polymer science curricula. Atomic force microscopy, a powerful and unavoidable technique for surface characterization at the nanoscale level, is now available in most research laboratories.Chemistry curricula are containing more and more biology contents while biology curricula are containing more and more chemistry contents. Chemical engineering” and “biology engineering” are merging into a single field called “Biochemical engineering” …
 
Publisher ACRICE2017
ACRICE 2017
 
Contributor
 
Date 2017-10-02 10:31:05
 
Type Peer-reviewed Paper
 
Identifier http://www.univ-setif.dz/OCS/FT/ACRICE/paper/view/268
 
Source ACRICE2017; The third african conference on research in chemistry education
 
Language en
 
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