Behavioral Disorder in Children Attending Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital: A Prospective Observational Study

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Title Behavioral Disorder in Children Attending Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital: A Prospective Observational Study
 
Creator Khadse, Savita H.
Save, Sushma
 
Description Aim and Objective: The present study was undertaken to determine the incidence of behavioral problems in pediatric patients and correlate with socio-demographic profile, parent’s education, parental illness and family structure. Also, to study impact of behavioral problem in due form of social impairment, distress, burden to others and chronicity as perceived by parents.
Method: Total 600 children (age 5-12 years) from pediatric outpatient or inpatient department were screened by using Strength and Difficulty Questionnaire (SDQ). Interview of parent or guardian include questionnaire was done to assess the behavioral problems. Patients identified to have behavioral problems was referred to the psychiatry department for further evaluation and management and then followed for 3 months and outcome was recorded.
Results: The incidence of behavioral disorder in outdoor patients was 7.56% and in indoor patients was 6.67%. In both the outdoor and indoor patients analysis behavioral disorders were showed strong association with social impairment (OPD=82.35%, IPD=70%), family distress (OPD=85.29%, IPD=70%), burden to others (OPD=79.41%, IPD=60%) and chronicity (OPD=61.76%, IPD=60%). There was no correlation found between behavioral disorders and parental education, family structure in both indoor and outdoor patients’ analysis. Among indoor patients, 46.67% needed pharmacological treatment, 20% required counseling, 13.33% were given special education, and about 20% patient did not require any treatment. In outdoor patients analysis 19 patients improved markedly and 3 improved minimally, 35.29% patients did not show any improvement till 3 months follow up.
Conclusion: Early reorganization and prompt intervention can improve outcome of patients with behavioral problems. This would help in reducing morbidity associated with behavioral disorders.
 
Publisher Scholar Science Journals
 
Date 2019-09-28
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Peer-reviewed Article
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier https://ssjournals.com/index.php/ijbr/article/view/5273
10.7439/ijbr.v10i9.5273
 
Source International Journal of Biomedical Research; Vol 10 No 9 (2019): Sep; e5273
0976-9633
2455-0566
 
Language eng
 
Relation https://ssjournals.com/index.php/ijbr/article/view/5273/3560
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2019 International Journal of Biomedical Research
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
 

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