Variations in the Median Cubital Vein: A Conceptual Review

Academia Anatomica International

View Publication Info
Field Value
Title Variations in the Median Cubital Vein: A Conceptual Review
Creator Akhil , Jakkula
Sontakke , Yogesh Ashok
Kumar , Dinesh V
Subject Median cubital vein
Superficial veins of the forearm
Description The median cubital vein, connecting the basilic and cephalic veins in the cubital fossa, is used for routine clinical procedures such as phlebotomy, insertion of intravenous cannulas, critical investigations, cardiac angiography and stent placement. Numerous variations regarding the arrange- ment of the median cubital vein are mentioned in the literature, such as classical or N-type, M-type, I-type, absence of cephalic vein in the arm, doubled median cubital vein, median cubital vein as the venous arch. In majority of the population either classical type or N-type variation has been documented. Significant percentage of the population have an absence of median cubital vein, replaced by the median cephalic and median basilic veins. Geographical differences in frequencies of variations of the median cubital vein have also been documented. In the background  of the clinical utility, it rises paramount importance for medical personnel to know about the anatomical variations of the cubital vein. Lack of awareness would incur needless harm and suffering to the patient and delay investigation and treatment modalities. Therefore, we intend to do a comprehensive review of the variations in the median cubital vein.
Publisher Society for Health Care & Research Development
Date 2021-12-20
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Format application/pdf
Source Academia Anatomica International; Vol 7 No 2 (2021): July - December 2021; 23-29
Language eng
Rights Copyright (c) 2021 Author

Contact Us

The PKP Index is an initiative of the Public Knowledge Project.

For PKP Publishing Services please use the PKP|PS contact form.

For support with PKP software we encourage users to consult our wiki for documentation and search our support forums.

For any other correspondence feel free to contact us using the PKP contact form.

Find Us


Copyright © 2015-2018 Simon Fraser University Library