Myrmecodia pendens Bulb Extract in the Lele Dumbo (Clarias gariepinus) Feed: Effects on the Growth Performance, Survival, and Blood Indices

Journal of Aquaculture and Fish Health

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Title Myrmecodia pendens Bulb Extract in the Lele Dumbo (Clarias gariepinus) Feed: Effects on the Growth Performance, Survival, and Blood Indices
Creator Nugroho, Rudy Agung
Aryani, Retno
Manurung, Hetty
Sari, Yanti Puspita
Rudianto, Rudianto
Subject Aquaculture, Fish nutrition
Myrmecodia pendens, Clarias gariepinus, Growth, Survival, Blood profiles
Description This feeding experiment was performed to determine the effects of Myrmecodia pendens bulb extract (MBE) supplementation in fish feed on the growth, survival, and hemato-biochemical profile of Clarias gariepinus. A group of fish was fed with 0.25; 0.50; 1.0; 2.0% MBE and compared to control group (without MBE) for 75 days observation. At the end of feeding trial, growth parameters, hematological profile such as red blood cells (RBC), white blood cells (WBC), Hemoglobin (Hb), Hematocrit (Htc), differential leukocyte, blood plasma biochemistry (glucose, total albumin, cholesterol, and triglyceride), the hepatosomatic (HSI) and intestinal somatic index (ISI) were measured. Survival of all fish was also counted every two weeks. Supplementation MBE above 0.25% resulted significantly higher final biomass weight (FBW), body weight gain (BWG), daily weight gain (DWG), and average weekly gain (AWG). Meanwhile, fish group fed dietary MBE above 1.0% had significantly higher specific growth rate (SGR) (3.32±0.15) than other groups. Fish fed 1.0% of MBE also showed better value of feed conversion ratio (FCR) (1.13±0.03), Hb, and HSI compared to others group. Survival, neutrophil, monocyte, and ISI of all groups was not affected by any concentration of MBE supplementation. Dietary MBE above 0.5% enhanced RBC, WBC, Hematocrit, platelet (PLT), lymphocyte, blood plasma biochemistry such as glucose, total albumin, and triglyceride. Cholesterol of fish fed MBE in the diet showed incrementally enhanced. Present finding suggested that 1.0% MBE in the diet of Clarias gariepinus is recommended to enhance growth, survival, and blood profiles
Publisher Department of Aquaculture
Date 2021-12-31
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Peer-reviewed Article
Format application/pdf
Source Journal of Aquaculture and Fish Health; Vol 11, No 1 (2022): JAFH Vol. 11 No. 1 February 2022; 21-36
Language eng
Rights Copyright (c) 2021 Rudy Agung Nugroho, Retno Aryani, Hetty Manurung, Yanti Puspita Sari, Rudianto Rudianto

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