Effect of Chemical-Hydrothermal Pretreatments on Compositional and Morphological Changes of Spruce Wood Exploited in Biogas Systems

Agricultural Engineering International: CIGR Journal

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Title Effect of Chemical-Hydrothermal Pretreatments on Compositional and Morphological Changes of Spruce Wood Exploited in Biogas Systems
 
Creator Rahimi-Ajdadi, Fatemeh
Esmaili, Masoomeh
 
Subject Biofuel
Combined pretreatment
Lignin removal
Phenol
SEM analysis
 
Description Agricultural crops and forest residues are of valuable resources to produce biofuel due to anaerobic digestion. But, the recalcitrance nature of these lignocellulose residues limits its enzymatic degradation. Therefore, efficient pretreatments prior to anaerobic digestion are essential. Hydrothermal-chemical pretreatments using Phenol (Ph), Sodium Hydroxide (SH), and Phosphoric Acid (PA), and combined pretreatments included Ph+SH and Ph+PA as chemical pretreatments were used for spruce wood. The samples were put into the autoclave at 134º C for 20 min. Acid hydrolysis, FTIR and SEM analyses were carried out. The results indicated that all pretreatments were effective lignin removal having the highest value for Ph (42.362%). Adding Ph to PA increased lignin removal from 1.580% to 6.112%. Mixing Ph to SH represented the same trend in changing structure of spruce wood as compared to individually SH. All results proposed that when Ph contributed in binary pretreatment with SH and PA, it could be more effective on the morphological changes of spruce wood. In general, Ph was more effective on changing the crystalline structure of spruce wood than the others. After that, Ph+SH was more effective compared to Ph+PA on structural changes. In comparison between alkali and acidic pretreatments, SH represented more structural change in spruce wood than PA one. To decreased toxicity of Ph, it is recommended to use the combination of Ph with SH as infectious pretreatment instead of individually Ph. Because, this increases the biodegradation power of SH while the toxicity of Ph decreases. The results are very important in biogas production systems.
 
Publisher International Commission of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering
 
Date 2021-12-30
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://www.cigrjournal.org/index.php/Ejounral/article/view/6855
 
Source Agricultural Engineering International: CIGR Journal; Vol. 23 No. 4 (2021): CIGR Journal
1682-1130
 
Language eng
 
Relation http://www.cigrjournal.org/index.php/Ejounral/article/view/6855/3749
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2021 Agricultural Engineering International: CIGR Journal
 

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