The sustainable development: veritable societal project or simple imposture of capitalism?

International Journal of Accounting, Finance, Auditing, Management and Economics

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Title The sustainable development: veritable societal project or simple imposture of capitalism?
Le développement durable : véritable projet sociétal ou simple imposture du capitalisme ?
 
Creator Amaazoul, Hassane
 
Subject Environment, Sustainable Development, societal project, capitalism, imposture
Environnement, Développement Durable, projet sociétal, capitalisme, imposture
 
Description The different approaches (economist, environmentalist, humanist, territorialist, etc.) to Sustainable Development (Gagnon, 2008) reveal its equivocal nature. Often understood as a search for balance between the economy, the social and the environment, Sustainable Development is also approached as a hierarchy of poles, positioning respect for the environment as an essential condition, social development as an objective and economic development as the means to achieve it. A fourth dimension is added to these three, the cultural aspect, which touches on identity, art and heritage and represents a crucial element of community building. Moreover, governance is gaining recognition to become the structuring element of Sustainable Development, serving as an integrating dimension to the other pillars (Boivin, 2016). Additionally, according to Gendron (2006), the founding idea of Sustainable Development is the improvement of the population's quality of life, which makes it a vast societal project. In this sense, the ultimate goal of sustainability is not the conservation of nature, but that of humanity. Far from revealing all the mysteries of a concept that is heavily invested by researchers and international bodies, Sustainable Development is a concept that carries contradictions, as revealed by the division between supporters and opponents. While the former consider it to be a genuine inter- and intra-generational societal project, the latter, on the contrary, see it as a mere sham of capitalism using "conceptual bricolage" (Latouche, 2004) to "civilize capitalism" (Mathias, 2005). The main objective of this article is to shed light on this dichotomy, between environmentalist or ecologist theses and productivist theses, which characterizes the reading of the concept of Sustainable Development.  
 
JEL Classification : F64, Q01, Q56, Q57, P12
Paper type: Theoretical Research
Les différentes approches (économiciste, environnementaliste, humaniste, territorialiste, etc.) du Développement Durable (Gagnon, 2008) dévoilent son caractère équivoque. Souvent appréhendé comme une recherche d’équilibre entre l’économie, le social et l’environnement, le Développement Durable est également abordé comme une hiérarchisation des pôles, positionnant le respect de l'environnement comme condition essentielle, le développement social comme objectif et le développement économique comme le moyen d'y arriver. Une quatrième s’ajoute à ces trois dimensions, l'aspect culturel, qui touche l'identité, l'art et le patrimoine et représente un élément crucial de la construction d'une communauté. Qui plus est, la gouvernance gagne en reconnaissance pour devenir l'élément structurant du Développement Durable, servant de dimension intégratrice aux autres piliers (Boivin, 2016). En outre, selon Gendron (2006), l’idée fondatrice du Développement Durable est l’amélioration de la qualité de vie de la population, ce qui en fait un vaste projet de société. En ce sens, la finalité ultime de la durabilité n’est pas la conservation de la nature, mais celle de l’humanité. Loin de révéler tous les mystères d’une notion lourdement investie par les chercheurs et les instances internationales, le Développement Durable est un concept porteur de contradictions comme le révèle le clivage entre partisans et adversaires. Si les premiers le considèrent comme un véritable projet sociétal inter et intra générationnel, les seconds, au contraire, y voient une simple imposture du capitalisme utilisant le « bricolage conceptuel » (Latouche, 2004) pour «civiliser le capitalisme » (Mathias, 2005). L’objectif principal de cet article est d’éclairer cette dichotomie, entre les thèses environnementalistes ou écologistes et les thèses productivistes, qui caractérise la lecture du concept de Développement Durable.  
 
Classification JEL: F64, Q01, Q56, Q57, P12   
Type de l’article : Article théorique
 
Publisher International Journal of Accounting, Finance, Auditing, Management and Economics
International Journal of Accounting, Finance, Auditing, Management and Economics
 
Date 2021-11-23
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier https://www.ijafame.org/index.php/ijafame/article/view/317
10.5281/zenodo.5722272
 
Source International Journal of Accounting, Finance, Auditing, Management and Economics; Vol. 2 No. 6 (2021): October-November ; 501-513
International Journal of Accounting, Finance, Auditing, Management and Economics; Vol. 2 No. 6 (2021): Octobre-Novembre; 501-513
2658-8455
 
Language fra
 
Relation https://www.ijafame.org/index.php/ijafame/article/view/317/342
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2021 Hassane Amaazoul
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0
 

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