Comparative Quality Analysis between Tap Water and Bottled Water: A Case Study of Koya City in Iraq


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Title Comparative Quality Analysis between Tap Water and Bottled Water: A Case Study of Koya City in Iraq
Creator Muhammad, Hanaa A.
Sediq, Khalid N.
Sdiq, Kwestan H.
Subject Dissolved oxygen
Total dissolved solid
Electrical conductivity
Potential hydrogen
Total alkalinity
Description Recently, bottled water consumption has been increasing significantly, even when the quality of tap water is considered excellent, which contributes to plastic pollution. Besides, reducing the use of plastic generally is recommended world widely, as its consumption is in an alarming rate. Therefore, this study aims to compare the tap and bottled water and manifest the reasons behind choosing the bottled water, which is less comfortable and often more expensive over the tap water. In this study, samples have been taken from both bottled and tap water in Koya city from November 2020 to May 2021 to test their quality using PH, DO, EC, and TDS meter, hardness was determined by complexometric titration method at 21°C, and XRF spectrometers. According to the quality standards, most of the variables were in a permissible range, except for dissolved oxygen and Aluminum content in both types of water and TDS for two types of bottled water. However, the quality of tap water was much safer to be used, as compared with the bottled water. 
Publisher Koya University
Date 2021-11-08
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Peer-reviewed article
Format application/pdf
Source ARO-THE SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL OF KOYA UNIVERSITY; Vol. 9 No. 2 (2021): Issue Seventeen; 42-45
Language eng
Rights Copyright (c) 2021 Hanaa A. Muhammad, Khalid N. Sediq, Kwestan H. Sdiq

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