Fra Jagannātha til juggernaut: Billedkult og kristen mission ved den store vognprocession i Puri

Religionsvidenskabeligt Tidsskrift

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Field Value
 
Title Fra Jagannātha til juggernaut: Billedkult og kristen mission ved den store vognprocession i Puri
 
Creator Aktor, Mikael
 
Subject Religionsvidenskab
Car Festival; Puri; Jagannātha; juggernaut; Hinduism; Christian mission; East India Company.
 
Description English abstract: The Car Festival in Puri, Odisha, is one of the world’s largest religious processions. About one million pilgrims follow the three god-siblings, Jagannātha, Subhadrā and Balabhadra, each seated in their own gigantic procession chariot pulled by hundreds of pilgrims, on their journey from the main Jagannātha temple to the Guṇḍicā temple three kilometers away. The perception of this procession festival by the British missionaries in Odisha during the first half of the 19th century was the background for the linguistic transformation whereby the name of a god, Jagannātha, became the notion of an overwhelming destructive force, ‘juggernaut’. The article examines the history of this transformation by a reading of quotes from foreign travelers to Odisha during the 14th through the 19th century. It also offers a description of the procession rituals, a reflection on the general characteristics of religious processions, and a discussion of the ‘idolatry’ discourse that lies behind the linguistic transformation from ‘Jagannātha’ to ‘juggernaut’.

Dansk resume: Vognprocessionen i Puri, Odisha, er en af verdens største religiøse processioner. Omkring en million pilgrimme følger de tre gude-søskende, Jagannātha, Subhadrā og Balabhadra, hver i deres egen gigantiske processionsvogn trukket af mange hundrede pilgrimme, på deres rejse fra det store Jagannātha-tempel til det mindre Guṇḍicā-tempel tre kilometer væk. Opfattelsen af denne pilgrimsprocession hos de britiske missionærer i Odisha i den første halvdel af det 19. århundrede var baggrunden for den sproglige transformation der forvandlede navnet på en gud, Jagannātha, til forestillingen om en overvældende kaotisk kraft, ‘juggernaut’. Artiklen undersøger historien bag denne transformation gennem en række citater fra fremmede rejsende i perioden fra det 14. til det 19. århundrede. Den beskriver vognprocessionens ritualer, foreslår nogle ideer til, hvordan vi generelt skal forstå religiøse processioner og diskuterer den diskurs om ‘afgudsdyrkelse’, som ligger bag forvandlingen fra ‘Jagannātha’ til ‘juggernaut’.
 
Publisher Aarhus Universitetsforlag
 
Contributor
 
Date 2017-06-15
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion

 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://ojs.statsbiblioteket.dk/index.php/rvt/article/view/26450
 
Source Religionsvidenskabeligt Tidsskrift; Nr. 66 (2017); 117-132
Religionsvidenskabeligt Tidsskrift; Nr. 66 (2017); 117-132
1904-8181
0108-1993
 
Language dan
 
Relation http://ojs.statsbiblioteket.dk/index.php/rvt/article/view/26450/23264
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2017 Forfatter og Tidsskrift
 

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