Methodological proposal for the situational analysis of oral health

Revista GICOS

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Title Methodological proposal for the situational analysis of oral health
Propuesta metodológica para el análisis situacional de salud bucodental Methodological proposal for the situational analysis of oral health
 
Creator León, Juan
 
Subject
dentistry, oral health, public health.

odontología, salud bucal, salud pública. dentistry, oral health, public health.
 
Description Oral health is a necessary aspect for personal and collective well-being. The Health Situation Analysis (ASIS) allows a broad observation of health in a given context, in addition to propose possible solutions. Study objective: to build a methodological proposal for the description of the oral health process through the situational health analysis. Method: it is a type of projective research and a non-experimental design. Results: the recommended steps to follow for the application of the Oral Health Situation Analysis (ASISB) are described, which contemplate: looking for information on component 1 (health conditioning factors) in official bodies, collecting information on components 2 (health-disease process) and 3 (social response to health events) in official health organizations. Then, go to community organizations to complement the information, synergistically describe components 1, 2 and 3 of the ASIS, then carry out the component 4 (identification and prioritization of health problems). To prioritize the problems, a way of evaluating is outlined in the Annex, then the SWOT matrix is made and action plans are drawn up. It is concluded that the ASISB methodology will serve to study the phenomenon in detail, which will allow taking actions for the prevention and cure of oral diseases, improving the performance of the healthcare activity, in addition to the construction of activities to promote the oral health.
La salud bucodental es un aspecto necesario para el bienestar personal y colectivo. El Análisis Situacional de Salud (ASIS), permite observar de manera amplia la salud en un contexto determinado, además de plantear las posibles soluciones.  Objetivo del estudio: construir una propuesta metodológica para la descripción del proceso de salud bucodental a través del análisis situacional de salud. Método: es un tipo de investigación proyectiva de diseño no experimental. Resultados: se describen los pasos recomendados a seguir para la aplicación del Análisis Situacional de Salud Bucodental (ASISB), el cual contempla: buscar la información del componente 1 (factores condicionantes de la salud) en organismos oficiales, recolectar información de los componentes 2 (proceso salud-enfermedad) y 3 (respuesta social a los eventos de salud) en organismos de salud oficiales. Posteriormente, acudir a las organizaciones comunitarias para complementar la información, describir sinérgicamente los componentes 1, 2 y 3 del ASIS, seguidamente, realizar el componente 4 (identificación y priorización de los problemas de salud). Para priorizar los problemas se plantea en el Anexo una forma de evaluar, luego se efectúa la matriz FODA y se elaboran los planes de acción. Se concluye que, la metodología del ASISB servirá para el estudio del fenómeno de manera detallada, lo que permitirá tomar acciones de prevención y curación de las enfermedades bucodentales, mejorar el rendimiento de la actividad asistencial, además de la construcción de actividades de promoción de la salud bucodental. Oral health is a necessary aspect for personal and collective well-being. The Health Situation Analysis (ASIS) allows a broad observation of health in a given context, in addition to propose possible solutions. Study objective: to build a methodological proposal for the description of the oral health process through the situational health analysis. Method: it is a type of projective research and a non-experimental design. Results: the recommended steps to follow for the application of the Oral Health Situation Analysis (ASISB) are described, which contemplate: looking for information on component 1 (health conditioning factors) in official bodies, collecting information on components 2 (health-disease process) and 3 (social response to health events) in official health organizations. Then, go to community organizations to complement the information, synergistically describe components 1, 2 and 3 of the ASIS, then carry out the component 4 (identification and prioritization of health problems). To prioritize the problems, a way of evaluating is outlined in the Annex, then the SWOT matrix is made and action plans are drawn up. It is concluded that the ASISB methodology will serve to study the phenomenon in detail, which will allow taking actions for the prevention and cure of oral diseases, improving the performance of the healthcare activity, in addition to the construction of activities to promote the oral health.
 
Publisher GICOS
 
Contributor

 
Date 2021-10-12
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion



 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://erevistas.saber.ula.ve/index.php/gicos/article/view/17427
 
Source GICOS; Vol. 6, Núm. 4 (2021): julio-diciembre; 201-214
2610-797X
 
Language spa
 
Relation http://erevistas.saber.ula.ve/index.php/gicos/article/view/17427/21921928625
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2021 GICOS
 

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