Associated factors with constipation in schoolchildren, libertador municipality of the Merida state

Revista GICOS

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Title Associated factors with constipation in schoolchildren, libertador municipality of the Merida state
Factores asociados al estreñimiento en escolares, municipio libertador del estado Mérida Associated factors with constipation in schoolchildren, libertador municipality of the Merida state
 
Creator Camacho-Camargo, Nolis
Pérez, Orlimar
Paoli de Valeri, Mariela
Alvarado-Camacho, Sofía
Santiago-Peña, Rafael
Omaña, Paola
 
Subject
constipation, schoolchildren, associated factors.

estreñimiento; escolares; factores asociados; pediatría.
 
Description Objective: Evaluate the risk factors associated with constipation in schoolchildren in the Libertador municipality of the Mérida state, Venezuela. Methodology: An observational cross-sectional investigation was carried out in 120 schoolchildren between 9 and 14 years of age. A nutritional evaluation was carried out and a questionnaire was applied to inquire about family history, eating habits, fiber intake, water, evacuation pattern, physical activity. It was divided into two groups: without constipation (GSE) and with constipation (EG). Results: There were no statistical differences between the groups regarding age, gender, institution and family history, the average age of the EG was 10.69 ± 1.29. In the EG, the normal nutritional state prevailed with 53.8 %, and 23.1 % above the norm. The daily evacuation rhythm of the NEG is (1.54 ± 0.79) vs. EG (1.15 ± 0,) (p = 0.01). Regarding the hours of physical activity, GNE (5.06 ± 6.12) vs. GE (4.27 ± 6.26). The fiber intake in the GNE was (9.05 ± 8.69) vs GE (6.42 ± 3,) (p = 0.02). Intake of glasses of water per day NEG (4.36 ± 2.51) vs EG (3.92 ± 1.98). Conclusion: the factors that seem to be associated were lack of habit to go to the bathroom, low fiber and water intake, and not practicing physical activity. It is important to involve not only the parents, the schoolchild and the pediatrician, but also the teacher, since school is where the child spends most of the day, being a key objective in the prevention and resolution of childhood constipation.
Objetivo: evaluar los factores de riesgo asociados al estreñimiento en escolares del municipio Libertador del estado Mérida, Venezuela. Metodología: estudio observacional de corte transversal, en 120 escolares de 9 a 14 años de edad. Se les realizó evaluación nutricional y un cuestionario para indagar antecedentes familiares, hábitos alimentarios, ingesta de fibra, agua, patrón evacuatorio, actividad física. Se dividió en dos grupos: sin estreñimiento (GSE) y con estreñimiento (GE) Resultados: No hubo diferencias estadísticas entre los grupos en lo referente a edad, género, institución y antecedentes familiares, la edad promedio del GE fue de 10,69 ± 1,29. En el GE, predominó el estado nutricional normal 53,8 %, y 23,1 % sobre la norma. El ritmo evacuatorio día, del GNE es (1,54 ± 0,79) vs. GE (1,15 ± 0,) (p=0,01). En cuanto a las horas de actividad física GNE (5,06 ± 6,12) vs. GE (4,27 ± 6,26). La ingesta de fibra en el GNE fue (9,05 ± 8,69) vs GE (6,42 ± 3,) (p=0,02). La Ingesta de vasos de agua al día GNE (4,36 ± 2,51) vs. GE (3,92 ± 1,98). Conclusión: los factores que parecen estar asociados fueron carencia de hábito para ir al baño, baja ingesta de fibra y agua, y no practicar actividad física. Es importante involucrar no solo a los padres, al escolar y al pediatra, sino también al docente, ya que en la escuela es donde el niño pasa la mayor parte del día, siendo un objetivo clave en la prevención y resolución del estreñimiento infantil. Objective: Evaluate the risk factors associated with constipation in schoolchildren in the Libertador municipality of the Mérida state, Venezuela. Methodology: An observational cross-sectional investigation was carried out in 120 schoolchildren between 9 and 14 years of age. A nutritional evaluation was carried out and a questionnaire was applied to inquire about family history, eating habits, fiber intake, water, evacuation pattern, physical activity. It was divided into two groups: without constipation (GSE) and with constipation (EG). Results: There were no statistical differences between the groups regarding age, gender, institution and family history, the average age of the EG was 10.69 ± 1.29. In the EG, the normal nutritional state prevailed with 53.8 %, and 23.1 % above the norm. The daily evacuation rhythm of the NEG is (1.54 ± 0.79) vs. EG (1.15 ± 0,) (p = 0.01). Regarding the hours of physical activity, GNE (5.06 ± 6.12) vs. GE (4.27 ± 6.26). The fiber intake in the GNE was (9.05 ± 8.69) vs GE (6.42 ± 3,) (p = 0.02). Intake of glasses of water per day NEG (4.36 ± 2.51) vs EG (3.92 ± 1.98). Conclusion: the factors that seem to be associated were lack of habit to go to the bathroom, low fiber and water intake, and not practicing physical activity. It is important to involve not only the parents, the schoolchild and the pediatrician, but also the teacher, since school is where the child spends most of the day, being a key objective in the prevention and resolution of childhood constipation.
 
Publisher GICOS
 
Contributor

 
Date 2021-10-12
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion



 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://erevistas.saber.ula.ve/index.php/gicos/article/view/17417
 
Source GICOS; Vol. 6, Núm. 4 (2021): julio-diciembre; 56-70
2610-797X
 
Language spa
 
Relation http://erevistas.saber.ula.ve/index.php/gicos/article/view/17417/21921928615
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2021 GICOS
 

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