Cardiovascular risk factors in students of the Technical University of Ambato, Ecuador

Revista GICOS

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Title Cardiovascular risk factors in students of the Technical University of Ambato, Ecuador
Factores de riesgo cardiovascular en estudiantes de la Universidad Técnica de Ambato, Ecuador Cardiovascular risk factors in students of the Technical University of Ambato, Ecuador.
 
Creator Ramos, Martha
Tinajero, María
Monge, Adriana
López, Paola
Galarraga, Edison
 
Subject
risk factors; cardiovascular disease; students; university; Ecuador.

factores de riesgo; enfermedad cardiovascular; estudiantes; universitarios; Ecuador
 
Description The objective of this research was to determine the prevalence and association of risk factors for cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in a population of university students from the city of Ambato, Ecuador, March - September 2019. Methodology: a study with a quantitative approach was carried out, descriptive type, with non-experimental design in 126 university students with an age range of 22-25 years. Weight, height and abdominal circumference (AC) measurements were taken and the body mass index (BMI) was determined. A questionnaire on personal history was applied, serum lipids were quantified and the Chi Square probability and the Odds ratio were determined. Results: 44% had a history of CVD. The BMI showed 31.0% overweight and obesity. Irrigation AC was observed in low frequency in males compared to females. Higher lipid values were found in the female gender. The atherogenic index showed that 2.38% of the individuals had a risk index. 37.0% smoked, 75% consumed alcoholic beverages and 56% were sedentary. The Chi Square probability analysis showed an association between BMI, physical activity and alcohol consumption; and family history and gender with a p <0.05. The significant Odds ratio values were for cholesterol (11.75), alcohol consumption (3.13) and history (2.531). Conclusions: The study shows the presence of risk factors in the study population based on the increase in abdominal obesity, family history, alcoholic habits, sedentary lifestyle and atherogenic index.
El objetivo de esta investigación fue determinar la prevalencia y asociación de factores de riesgo para las enfermedades cardiovasculares (ECV) en una población de universitarios de la ciudad de Ambato, Ecuador, marzo – septiembre 2019. Metodología: se realizó un estudio con enfoque cuantitativo, tipo descriptivo, con diseño no experimental en 126 estudiantes universitarios con un rango de edad de 22-25 años. Se tomaron medidas de peso, talla y circunferencia abdominal (CA) y se determinó el índice de masa corporal (IMC). Se aplicó un cuestionario sobre antecedentes personales, se cuantificaron lípidos séricos y se determinó la probabilidad Chi Cuadrado, y el Odds ratio. Resultados: Se encontró 44% de antecedentes de ECV. El IMC mostró 31,0% de sobrepeso y obesidad. La CA de riesgo se observó en baja frecuencia en el género masculino comparado con el femenino. Se encontraron valores de lípidos más altos en el género femenino. El índice aterogénico mostró que el 2,38% de los individuos tenían un índice de riesgo. El 37,0 % fumaba, el 75% consumía bebidas alcohólicas y el 56% eran sedentarios. El análisis de la probabilidad Chi Cuadrado mostró asociación entre el IMC, actividad física y el consumo de alcohol; y antecedentes familiares y el género con un p<0,05. Los valores significantes del Odds ratio fueron para el colesterol (11,75), consumo de alcohol (3,13) y antecedentes (2,531). Conclusiones: El estudio muestra la presencia de factores de riesgo en la población estudiada basados en el aumento de la obesidad abdominal, antecedentes familiares, hábitos alcohólicos, sedentarismo e índice aterogénico.The objective of this research was to determine the prevalence and association of risk factors for cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in a population of university students from the city of Ambato, Ecuador, March - September 2019. Methodology: a study with a quantitative approach was carried out, descriptive type, with non-experimental design in 126 university students with an age range of 22-25 years. Weight, height and abdominal circumference (AC) measurements were taken and the body mass index (BMI) was determined. A questionnaire on personal history was applied, serum lipids were quantified and the Chi Square probability and the Odds ratio were determined. Results: 44% had a history of CVD. The BMI showed 31.0% overweight and obesity. Irrigation AC was observed in low frequency in males compared to females. Higher lipid values were found in the female gender. The atherogenic index showed that 2.38% of the individuals had a risk index. 37.0% smoked, 75% consumed alcoholic beverages and 56% were sedentary. The Chi Square probability analysis showed an association between BMI, physical activity and alcohol consumption; and family history and gender with a p <0.05. The significant Odds ratio values were for cholesterol (11.75), alcohol consumption (3.13) and history (2.531). Conclusions: The study shows the presence of risk factors in the study population based on the increase in abdominal obesity, family history, alcoholic habits, sedentary lifestyle and atherogenic index.
 
Publisher GICOS
 
Contributor

 
Date 2021-10-12
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion



 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://erevistas.saber.ula.ve/index.php/gicos/article/view/17415
 
Source GICOS; Vol. 6, Núm. 4 (2021): julio-diciembre; 23-36
2610-797X
 
Language spa
 
Relation http://erevistas.saber.ula.ve/index.php/gicos/article/view/17415/21921928613
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2021 GICOS
 

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