Efficacy, Safety and Cost Effectiveness of Metronomic Low Dose Versus Intermittent High Dose Capecitabine in Metastatic Breast Cancer

Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences

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Title Efficacy, Safety and Cost Effectiveness of Metronomic Low Dose Versus Intermittent High Dose Capecitabine in Metastatic Breast Cancer
Creator Elsebaie, Hala
Yassa, Wael Samir Makar
Lasheen, Shaimaa
IbrahimIbrahim, Noha
Subject Capecitabine
Metastatic breast cancer
Metronomic chemotherapy
Description AIM: The aim of the study is to compare the toxicity and cost-effectiveness between metronomic and intermittent capecitabine as maintenance therapy in female patients with metastatic breast cancer.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: All metastatic breast cancer patients with HER2 negative were included. The whole study population received six cycles of Docetaxel/Capecitabine then patients were randomized to either continuous (650 mg/m2 twice daily continuous) or intermittent Capecitabine (1000 mg/m2 twice daily every 21 days) as maintenance.

RESULTS: The study included 51 patients, 26 in the metronomic arm and 25 in the continuous. The median number of maintenance cycles, as well as the partial response, was higher in the continuous (18 vs. 13 cycles, p: 0.031; p: 0.038). The continuous arm was tolerable with significant less Grade 3 and 4 toxicity regarding nausea, vomiting, hand and foot syndrome, neutropenia, and elevated liver enzymes. (p: 0.03, 0.045, 0.051, 0.048, 0.06, respectively). On multivariate analysis, only patients receiving treatment as first-line had a better clinical response (p: 0.03) especially in the triple-negative group (p: 0.07). The metronomic therapy was more cost-effective with a 35.9% reduction of cost. ($ 746 vs. $1164). The progression-free survival and overall survival were not significant between the two groups.

CONCLUSION: Metronomic continuous capecitabine proved to be less toxic and more cost-effective.
Publisher Scientific Foundation SPIROSKI, Skopje, Republic of Macedonia
Date 2021-10-03
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Format application/pdf
Identifier https://oamjms.eu/index.php/mjms/article/view/7089
Source Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences; Vol. 9 No. B (2021): B - Clinical Sciences; 1048-1053
Language eng
Relation https://oamjms.eu/index.php/mjms/article/view/7089/6098
Rights Copyright (c) 2020 Hala Elsebaie, Wael Samir Makar Yassa, Shaimaa Lasheen, Noha IbrahimIbrahim (Author)

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