Low Back Pain: A Comprehensive Review on the Diagnosis, Treatment Options, and the Role of Other Contributing Factors

Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences

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Field Value
 
Title Low Back Pain: A Comprehensive Review on the Diagnosis, Treatment Options, and the Role of Other Contributing Factors
 
Creator Seyed, Mohamed Ali
Mohamed, Shahul Hameed Pakkir
 
Subject Low back pain
Physiotherapy
Spinal manipulation
Posture correction
Core stability
Hydrotherapy
 
Description BACKGROUND: In recent years, low back pain (LBP) is a growing major health issue around the world and mostly addressed in primary healthcare settings. This may be due to changing work environment including the nature of long sitting work hours, especially in the booming information and technology (IT) and Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) industry. LBP is normally considered as a combination of various types of pain and its related conditions, which eventually lead to disabilities.


AIM: In this article, the aim is to discuss the current and future perspectives of LBP mainly on diagnosis and therapeutic front of LBP.


METHODS: A search was performed using electronic databases, which include PubMed Central and Google Scholar, using the related key words “back pain and low back pain.” All related peer reviewed published articles were included regardless of the language, region, or the publication date.


RESULTS: Although the management of LBP both in terms of diagnosis as well as in the therapeutic options has witnessed considerable progress but challenges are still exist not only within countries but also in the regions and continents among various medical professionals. However, in the past few years, a huge array of coordinated but randomized multi-center clinical studies were performed and various detailed insight investigations have been done, and substantial clinical guidelines have become available. Hence, a new view on evidence-based management approach for LBP has significantly improved recently and discussed here.

CONCLUSION: Based on the available evidence and literature, this comprehensive review discusses the present and future perspectives of LBP mainly on diagnosis and therapeutic front for LBP. In addition, current intervention and prevention plans have failed to lessen the considerable burden of LBP and hence several areas which require more details, which deserves additional discussion to augment us through an understanding of this very important topic on improvements of multi tasked outcomes to benefit the affected patients.
 
Publisher Scientific Foundation SPIROSKI, Skopje, Republic of Macedonia
 
Date 2021-10-07
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier https://oamjms.eu/index.php/mjms/article/view/6877
10.3889/oamjms.2021.6877
 
Source Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences; Vol. 9 No. F (2021): F - Review Articles; 347-359
1857-9655
 
Language eng
 
Relation https://oamjms.eu/index.php/mjms/article/view/6877/6113
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2021 Mohamed Ali Seyed, Shahul Hameed Pakkir Mohamed (Author)
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0
 

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