EFFECTIVENESS OF CUSTOMARY FISHERIES MANAGEMENT ON MAINTAINING REEF HEALTH STATUS IN MAYALIBIT BAY, RAJA AMPAT

Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis

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Title EFFECTIVENESS OF CUSTOMARY FISHERIES MANAGEMENT ON MAINTAINING REEF HEALTH STATUS IN MAYALIBIT BAY, RAJA AMPAT
EFEKTIVITAS KELOLA PERIKANAN ADAT DALAM MENJAGA STATUS KESEHATAN TERUMBU KARANG DI TELUK MAYALIBIT, RAJA AMPAT
 
Creator de la Rosa, Emilio
Boer, Mennofatria
Taryono
Handoko Adi
 
Subject TURF-Reserve
Customary Fisheries Management
Mayalibit Bay
Raja Ampat
coral reef
TURF-Reserve
Kelola Perikanan Adat
Teluk Mayalibit
Raja Ampat
terumbu karang
 
Description Territorial Use Rights for Fisheries-Reserve (TURF-Reserve) is a form of rights-based fisheries management that could improve the effectiveness and coral reef conservation efforts in Marine Protected Area (MPA). Maya Tribe Customary Council with Mayalibit Bay customary communities declared Customary Fisheries Management (CFM), a fishery resources management approach that combines customary marine tenure, traditional ecological wisdom, and TURF-Reserve principles. This study aims to measure coral reef health conditions to illustrate CFM’s effectiveness in maintaining coral reef conditions in Mayalibit Bay. This study uses Point Intercept Transect (PIT) and fish belt transect as data collection methods to gather coral reef health data. Coral reef condition is measured using five indicators with ecological thresholds. Study results show that there is an increase of reef fish biomass and herbivore fish biomass proportion compared to previous condition which indicate a healthy coral reef ecosystem. Decreasing macroalgae: hard coral ratio along with fished: unfished ratio compared to previous condition indicate coral reef ecosystem with moderate condition. This study concluded that the coral reef ecosystem in Mayalibit Bay is in healthy condition and its reef fisheries activities are still considered sustainable. Based on the healthy coral reef condition, CFM is shown as an effective approach in maintaining coral reef ecosystem condition, complementing conservation efforts, and reef fishery resources management in Mayalibit Bay.
 
Territorial Use Rights for Fisheries-Reserve (TURF-Reserve) adalah salah satu bentuk dari pendekatan pengelolaan sumber daya perikanan berbasis hak yang dapat meningkatkan efektivitas dan upaya konservasi ekosistem terumbu karang di kawasan konservasi perairan (KKP). Dewan Adat Suku Maya dan masyarakat adat di Teluk Mayalibit mendeklarasikan Kelola Perikanan Adat (KPA), suatu bentuk pengelolaan sumber daya perikanan yang mengombinasikan hak ulayat laut, kearifan ekologi tradisional, dan prinsip-prinsip TURF-Reserve. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengukur kondisi kesehatan ekosistem terumbu karang untuk melihat efektivitas KPA dalam menjaga kondisi ekosistem terumbu karang di Teluk Mayalibit. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode Point Intercept Transect (PIT) dan transek sabuk ikan untuk mengumpulkan data kesehatan terumbu karang. Kondisi ekosistem terumbu karang diukur menggunakan lima indikator dengan ambang batas ekologi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan adanya peningkatan nilai biomassa ikan karang dan proporsi biomassa ikan herbivor dari kondisi sebelumnya, hal ini mengindikasikan ekosistem terumbu karang yang sehat. Nilai rasio makroalga: karang keras hidup serta rasio fished: unfished yang menurun jika dibandingkan dengan kondisi sebelumnya mengindikasikan ekosistem terumbu karang yang berstatus moderat. Berdasarkan hasil analisis, disimpulkan bahwa ekosistem terumbu karang di Teluk Mayalibit masih berada dalam kondisi yang sehat dan aktivitas perikanan karang masih terkendali di dalam batas yang mendukung kelestarian. Hal ini memberikan indikasi bahwa KPA masih efektif dalam menjaga kondisi ekosistem terumbu karang dan membantu upaya konservasi serta pengelolaan sumber daya perikanan karang di Teluk Mayalibit.
 
Publisher Department of Marine Science and Technology, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, IPB University
 
Date 2021-08-31
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Peer-reviewed Article
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier https://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jurnalikt/article/view/35824
10.29244/jitkt.v13i2.35824
 
Source Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis; Vol. 13 No. 2 (2021): Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis; 345-360
2620-309X
2087-9423
10.29244/jitkt.v13i2
 
Language eng
 
Relation https://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jurnalikt/article/view/35824/22213
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0
 

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