A Meta-Analysis on the Effects of Synchronous Online Learning on Cognitive and Affective Educational Outcomes

The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning

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Field Value
 
Title A Meta-Analysis on the Effects of Synchronous Online Learning on Cognitive and Affective Educational Outcomes
 
Creator Martin, Florence
Sun, Ting
Turk, Murat
Ritzhaupt, Albert
 
Subject synchronous
online learning
meta-analysis
face-to-face
asynchronous
affective
cognitive
outcome
 
Description Synchronous online learning (SOL) provides an opportunity for instructors to connect in real-time with their students though separated by geographical distance. This meta-analysis examines the overall effect of SOL on cognitive and affective educational outcomes, while using asynchronous online learning or face-to-face learning as control groups. The effects are also examined for several moderating methodological, pedagogical, and demographical factors. Following a systematic identification and screening procedure, we identified 19 publications with 27 independent effect sizes published between 2000 and 2019. Overall, there was a statistically significant small effect in favor of synchronous online learning versus asynchronous online learning for cognitive outcomes. However, the other models were not statistically significant in this meta-analysis. The effect size data were normally distributed and significantly moderated by course duration, instructional method, student equivalence, learner level, and discipline. Implications for educational practice and research are included.
 
Publisher Athabasca University Press
 
Date 2021-05-04
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Peer-reviewed, double-blind
 
Format text/html
application/epub+zip
application/pdf
 
Identifier http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/5263
10.19173/irrodl.v22i3.5263
 
Source The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning; Vol. 22 No. 3 (2021); 205-242
1492-3831
 
Language eng
 
Relation http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/5263/5550
http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/5263/5587
http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/5263/5588
 
Rights http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
 

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