Binsabin dan Tongngebban as Madurese Local Wisdom: An Anthropology of Islamic Law Analyses

Al-Ihkam: Jurnal Hukum dan Pranata Sosial

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Title Binsabin dan Tongngebban as Madurese Local Wisdom: An Anthropology of Islamic Law Analyses
 
Creator Suhaimi, Suhaimi
Purwandi, Agustri
Sufyan, Akhmad Farid Mawardi
 
Subject Binsabin
Tongngebban
Islamic Law
anthropology
 
Description There is a unique tradition in the Madurese community of East Java, namely Binsabin and Tongngebban. Both are the absolute requirements for a valid engagement. It means that the engagement is not totally legal without the two things. In the perspective of Islamic law, this is permitted, but from an anthropological perspective, found that there is a social inheritance that is imposed on social bonds, the rules of marriage law and ceremonies in the marriage process. In line with that, this paper wants to describe a local wisdom in a proportional framework, not only seeing society legally, but also society must be seen as a culture (anthropology). This paper is collected from data interviews with two different types of community groups. The results of the study show that first, from an anthropological perspective; the binsabin and tongngebban traditions express the fulfillment of individual psycho-biological needs and maintain the continuity of life of social groups. Anthropology also shows strong the Madurese community is in upholding this tradition from generation to generation even though times round and round. Second, in the perspective of Islamic law, this tradition seeks to build three things, first building a strong agreement between fellow Muslim families, second establishing friendship so as to create a strong emotional bond, third sharing the joy that shown by giving gifts or goods so as to increase the strength of brotherly bonds by religious way (engagement).
Terdapat tradisi yang unik di masyarakat Madura Jawa Timur yakni Binsabin dan Tongngebban. Dua hal tersebut menjadi syarat mutlak sahnya suatu pertunangan. Artinya bahwa pertunangan tidak dianggap sah secara adat apabila tidak disertai dengan kedua hal di atas. Dalam perspektif hukum Islam memang hal ini tidak bertentangan, akan tetapi dalam kacamata antropologi ditemukan bahwasanya terdapat warisan sosial yang dipaksakan dalam ikatan sosial, aturan-aturan hukum perkawinan dan upacara-upacara dalam proses perkawinan tersebut. Sejalan dengan itu tulisan ini ingin memetakan kerarifan lokal dalam kerangka yang proporsional yakni bukan hanya melihat masyarakat secara hukum saja akan tetapi masyarakat harus dilihat sebagai sebuah budaya (antropologi). Tulisan ini dikumpulkan dari data hasil wawancara pada dua kelompok masyarakat yang bertipe berbeda. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwasanya pertama, dalam kacamata antropologi, tradisi binsabin dan tongngebban mengekspresikan Pemenuhan kebutuhan psiko-biologis individu dan menjaga kesinambungan hidup kelompok social. Antropologi juga melihat bagaimana kuatnya masyarakat Madura dalam memegang teguh tradisi ini secara turun temurun meskipun zaman sudah berubah modern seperti saat ini. Kedua, dalam perspekktif hukum Islam tradisi ini berupaya membangun tiga hal yakni membangun kesepakatan yang kuat antar sesama keluarga muslim, kedua menjalin silaturrahim sehingga tercipta ikatan emosional yang kokoh, ketiga saling berbagi kegembiraan yang ditunjukkan dengan pemberian hadiah atau barang-barang sehingga menambah kuat ikatan persaudaraan dengan cara yang religius (pertunangan).
 
Publisher Faculty of Sharia IAIN Madura collaboration with The Islamic Law Researcher Association (APHI)
 
Date 2021-06-27
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Peer-reviewed Article
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://ejournal.iainmadura.ac.id/index.php/alihkam/article/view/3861
10.19105/al-lhkam.v16i1.3861
 
Source Al-Ihkam, Jurnal Hukum dan Pranata Sosial; Vol 16 No 1 (2021); 161-179
AL-IHKAM: Jurnal Hukum & Pranata Sosial; Vol. 16 No. 1 (2021); 161-179
2442-3084
1907-591X
 
Language eng
 
Relation http://ejournal.iainmadura.ac.id/index.php/alihkam/article/view/3861/2653
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2021 Suhaimi, Agustri Purwandi, Akhmad Farid Mawardi Sufyan
 

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