Unruly Memory and Historical Order: The Historiography of the French Revolution between Historicism and Presentism (1881-1914)

História da Historiografia: International Journal of Theory and History of Historiography

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Title Unruly Memory and Historical Order: The Historiography of the French Revolution between Historicism and Presentism (1881-1914)
 
Creator Guillaume, Lancereau
 
Subject Presentism
Revolution
Uses of History
 
Description This paper explores the complex history of “undisciplined histories” by looking at the tension between political engagement and scientific detachment in revolutionary scholarship, a field perpetually torn between historicist methods and presentist purposes. From the controversies surrounding the 1889 Jubilee to the patriotic uses of history during the Great War, the historiography of the French Revolution continuously challenged the principles and methods of history as an academic discipline. This period’s omnipresence in nineteenth-century “memory wars” delayed its academization, which became effective only in the aftermath of the Centenary when newly implemented university chairs, scholarly journals, and historical societies established the history of the French Revolution as a central research topic. However, the advent of the First World War challenged the historians’ impartiality and detachment as they committed to defend their homeland in their historical writings while striving to preserve their intellectual autonomy. 
Desde las controversias que surgieron con el Jubileo de 1889, hasta los usos patrióticos de la historia durante la Gran Guerra, la historiografía de la Revolución francesa cuestionó continuamente los principios y métodos de la historia como disciplina académica. La centralidad de este período histórico en las guerras de memoria de la Francia del siglo XIX retrasó su academización, que fue efectiva solo al día siguiente del Centenario. La Revolución francesa se convirtió entonces en un objeto de investigación científica, con la consiguiente creación de cátedras universitarias, revistas académicas y sociedades históricas. La irrupción de la guerra desafió las normas de imparcialidad y distanciación adoptadas por estos historiadores que pusieron sus escritos al servicio patriótico de la causa de su país, mientras se esforzaban por mantener su autonomía intelectual. Destacando la tensión entre destacamento y compromiso en la historiografía revolucionaria, este artículo muestra la relativa indisciplina de este campo de investigación, perpetuamente dividido entre sus métodos historicistas y sus propósitos presentistas.
 
Publisher Sociedade Brasileira de Teoria e História da Historiografia
 
Date 2021-08-31
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Avaliado pelos pares, dossiê
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier https://www.historiadahistoriografia.com.br/revista/article/view/1682
10.15848/hh.v14i36.1682
 
Source História da Historiografia: International Journal of Theory and History of Historiography; Vol. 14 No. 36 (2021); 225-256
História da Historiografia: International Journal of Theory and History of Historiography; Vol. 14 Núm. 36 (2021); 225-256
História da Historiografia: International Journal of Theory and History of Historiography; v. 14 n. 36 (2021); 225-256
1983-9928
 
Language eng
 
Relation https://www.historiadahistoriografia.com.br/revista/article/view/1682/950
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2021 Lancereau Guillaume
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
 

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