Eksplorasi Jamur Makroskopis di Taman Nasional Batang Gadis Kawasan Resort 7 Kabupaten Mandailing Natal, Sumatera Utara

AGRINULA: Jurnal Agroteknologi dan Perkebunan

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Title Eksplorasi Jamur Makroskopis di Taman Nasional Batang Gadis Kawasan Resort 7 Kabupaten Mandailing Natal, Sumatera Utara
Macroscopic Fungi Exploration in Batang Gadis National Park Resort 7 Mandailing Natal District, North Sumatra
 
Creator Siagian, Sri Mariani
Febriani, Husnarika
Hutasuhut, Melfa Aisyah
 
Description Pendahuluan: Jamur makroskopis termasuk tumbuhan sederhana yang sering ditemukan tumbuh liar di alam bebas. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui jenis-jenis jamur makroskopis, mengenal jamur makroskopis yang menguntungkan dan merugikan di Taman Nasional Batang Gadis Kawasan Resort 7.
Metode Penelitian: Metode survei deskriptif dengan pengambilan sampel secara sengaja menggunakan line transek yaitu menggunakan plot dengan ukuran 20 m x 20 m sebanyak 36 plot dan jarak seriap plot 10 m.
Hasil Penelitian: Diperoleh 32 jenis jamur makroskopis yang termasuk kedalam 11 famili yaitu: Polyporaceae, Ganodermatacea, Marasmiaceae, Stereaceae, Hygrophoraceae, Amanitaceae, Tricholomataceae, Russulaceae, Auriculariaceae, Sparassidaceae, dan Psathyellaceae. Indeks keanekaragaman (H’) jamur makroskopis sebesar 2,92 (sedang). Terdapat 3 jenis jamur makroskopis yang dikonsumsi oleh masyarakat di Desa Sopotinjak sebagai bahan pangan dan obat tradisional, serta terdapat 7 jenis yang tidak dikonsumsi karena mengandung racun. Terdapat 22 jenis lainya yaitu Trametes cimulata, Lentinus tigrinus (Bull) Fr, Polyporus sp., Hygrophorus psittacinus, Trymyces , Hygrophorus aurantica (Wulfen), Polyporus sp.2, Collybia sp., Russula sp., Trametes sp.1, Ganoderma sp, Trametes sp.2, Stereum sp., Lignosus rhinocerus, Trametes versicolor (L), Trametes sp.3, Sparasis crispa (Wulfen), Hygrocybe conica (Schaeff), Polyporus sp.3, Trametes sp.4, Stereum hirsutum (Willd) Gray, Microporus xanthopus (Fr) Kuntze, dan Tametes sp.5.
Introduction: Macroscopic fungi are simple plants that are often found growing wild in the wild. This study aims to determine the types of macroscopic fungi, to recognize the beneficial and harmful macroscopic fungi in Batang Gadis National Park Resort Area 7.
Materials and Methods: A descriptive survey method with deliberate sampling using line transects, namely using a plot with a size of 20 m x 20 m as many as 36 plots and the distance of each plot is 10 m.
Results: Found in 32 types of macroscopic fungi were obtained which belong to 11 families, such as: Polyporaceae, Ganodermatacea, Marasmiaceae, Stereaceae, Hygrophoraceae, Amanitaceae, Tricholomataceae, Russulaceae, Auriculariaceae, Sparassidaceae, and Psathyellaceae. The diversity index (H') of macroscopic fungi was 2.92 (medium). There are three types of macroscopic fungi that are consumed by the human in Sopotinjak Village as food and traditional medicine, and seven types that are not consumed because they contain toxins. There are 22 other species, namely Trametes cimulata, Lentinus tigrinus (Bull) Fr, Polyporus sp., Hygrophorus psittacinus, Trymyces sp., Hygrophorus aurantica (Wulfen), Polyporus sp.2, Collybia sp., Russula sp., Trametes sp.1, Ganoderma sp, Trametes sp.2, Stereum sp., Lignosus rhinocerus, Trametes versicolor (L), Trametes sp.3, Sparasis crispa (Wulfen), Hygrocybe conica (Schaeff), Polyporus sp.3, Trametes sp.4, Stereum hirsutum (Willd) Gray, Microporus xanthopus (Fr) Kuntze, and Tametes sp.5.
 
Publisher Prodi. Agroteknologi dan Perkebunan, Universitas Tjut Nyak Dhien
 
Date 2021-08-13
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Peer-reviewed Article
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier https://journal.utnd.ac.id/index.php/agri/article/view/169
10.36490/agri.v4i2.169
 
Source Agrinula : Jurnal Agroteknologi dan Perkebunan; Vol 4 No 2 (2021): Agrinula : Jurnal Agroteknologi dan Perkebunan; 139-151
Agrinula : Jurnal Agroteknologi dan Perkebunan; Vol 4 No 2 (2021): Agrinula : Jurnal Agroteknologi dan Perkebunan; 139-151
2655-7673
10.36490/agri.v4i2
 
Language eng
 
Relation https://journal.utnd.ac.id/index.php/agri/article/view/169/124
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2021 Agrinula : Jurnal Agroteknologi dan Perkebunan
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0
 

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