Toleransi Pelencengan Arah Kiblat di Indonesia Perspektif Ilmu Falak dan Hukum Islam


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Title Toleransi Pelencengan Arah Kiblat di Indonesia Perspektif Ilmu Falak dan Hukum Islam
Creator Ismail, Ismail
T. Yasin, Dikson
Subject Astronomy
Qibla Direction
Deviation Tolerance
Ilmu Falak
Arah Kiblat
Toleransi Pelencengan
Description This study discusses the limits of deviation of the direction of qibla that is allowed in facing the direction of qibla in Indonesia. This study uses qualitative descriptive analysis with an astronomical approach and Islamic law approach. The results show that there are two types of tolerance towards the qibla, namely mathematical tolerance, and sociological tolerance. Mathematically, tolerance lies in the ability to face three directions, namely the direction of the Ka'bah, the direction of the holy mosque, and the direction of the forbidden land. Sociologically, the deflection tolerance of the direction of qibla 6 ° bows to the left of the Ka'bah or the right of the Ka'bah. Mathematical qibla direction tolerance is provided for the construction of places of worship such as mosques and small mosques, while sociological of Islamic Law, qibla tolerance is allocated for people who perform prayers.
Penelitian ini membahas tentang batas pelencengan arah kiblat yang diperbolehkan dalam menghadap arah kiblat di Indonesia. Penelitian ini menggunakan analisis deskriptif kualitatif dengan pendekatan astronomis dan hukum Islam. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ada dua macam jenis toleransi arah kiblat, yaitu toleransi secara matematis dan toleransi secara sosiologis. Secara matematis, toleransi terdapat pada kebolehan terhadap menghadap tiga arah, yaitu arah Ka’bah, arah Masjidilharam, dan arah tanah haram. Secara sosiologis, toleransi pelencengan arah kiblat 6° busur ke kiri Ka’bah atau ke kanan Ka’bah. Toleransi arah kiblat matematis diperuntukkan pada pembangunan tempat ibadah seperti masjid dan mushallah, sedangkan toleransi arah kiblat secara sosiologis hukum Islam diperuntukkan bagi orang yang melaksanakan salat.
Publisher LP2M Institut Agama Islam Negeri Sultan Amai Gorontalo
Date 2021-06-30
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Peer-reviewed Article
Format application/pdf
Source Al-Mizan; Vol. 17 No. 1 (2021): Al-Mizan; 115-138
Language eng
Rights Copyright (c) 2021 Al-Mizan

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