SISTEM FONOLOGI BAHASA LIMOLA/PHONOLOGY SYSTEM IN LIMOLA LANGUAGE

Aksara

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Title SISTEM FONOLOGI BAHASA LIMOLA/PHONOLOGY SYSTEM IN LIMOLA LANGUAGE
 
Creator Garing, Jusmianti
Agus, Nuraidar
Arisnawati, Nurlina
Mappau, Ramlah
 
Subject konservasi; fonologi; bahasa Limola
 
Description AbstrakPenelitian ini bertujuan mengonservasi sistem fonologi bahasa Limola. Data dikumpulkan melalui instrumen berisikan 200 kosakata swadesh dan 200 kosakata budaya. Kosakata tersebut berbahasa Indonesia dan diterjemahkan dalam bahasa Limola berdasarkan kebutuhan data. Analisis data dilakukan dengan mentranskripsikan data dalam bentuk fonetis. Setelah data ditranskripsikan, dilakukan pembuktian klasifikasi dan distribusi fonem. Selanjutnya menelaah penyukuan dan perubahan bunyi dalam bahasa Limola. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa bahasa Limola memiliki lima buah fonem vokal dasar dan tiga belas vokal variasi, sehingga secara keseluruhan terdapat delapan belas vokal yang berfungsi sebagai pembeda makna. Lima vokal dasar bahasa Limola adalah /i/, /e/, /a/, /u/, /o/ dan tiga belas vokal variasi atau alofon dari lima vokal dasar, yaitu adalah /i/ = [i:], [ii], [I]; /e/= [e:], [ɛ], {ɛ:]; /a/= [a:], [aa]; /o/= [o:], [oo], [ɔ]; dan /u/=[u:], [uu]. Uniknya, bahasa Limola selain memiliki diftong, seperti [ia], [ea], [ai], [oɛ], [ua] dan lainnya, juga memiliki diftong yang disebut sebagai diftong kembar atau identik yang terdapat pada bunyi vokal tertentu, yakni bunyi /ii/, /aa/, /oo/, dan /uu/. Keempat bunyi tersebut merupakan bunyi vokal depan /aa/ dan /ii/ dan vokal belakang /oo/ dan /uu/. Selanjutnya, fonem konsonan bahasa Limola terdiri atas tujuh belas konsonan dan ada enam fonem yang tidak ditemukan di dalam bahasa Limola, yaitu, /f/, /h/, /x/, /z/, /q/, dan /v/. Penyukuan bahasa Limola adalah V, VK, KV, KVK, KVV. Selanjutnya, perubahan bunyi bahasa Limola berdasarkan pada proses fonologis melalui asimilasi, diftongisasi, monoftongisasi, anaptiksis, protesis, epentesisi, paragoge, dan zeroisasi. Kata kunci: konservasi, fonologi, bahasa Limola AbstractThe research aims to conserve the phonology system of the Limola language. The data collected using an instrument containing 200 words of Swadesh and 200 words of culture. The words in the Indonesian language were translated into the Limola language based on the data needs. Data analysis was conducted by transcribing data in phonetic form. After the data transcribed, it was proving the classification and distribution of phonemes. Next, the researchers examined the syllable and sound changes that occurred in the Limola language. The results show that the Limola language has five basic vowel phonemes and thirteen vowels of variation, thus in total, eighteen Limola vowels function as distinctive meaning. The five basic vowels are /i/, /e/, /a/, /u/, /o/ and the thirteen vowels are /i/ = [i:], [ii], [I]; /e/= [e:], [ɛ], {ɛ:]; /a/= [a:], [aa]; /o/= [o:], [oo], [ɔ]; and /u/=[u:], [uu]. Apart from diphthongs such as [ia], [ea], [ai], [o], [ua], and others, the Limola language also has diphthongs known as twin or identical diphthongs, which are found in some vowels, i.e., [ii], [aa], [oo], and [uu]. The four sounds are the front vowel, namely [aa] and [ii], and the back vowel, namely [oo] and [uu]. Furthermore, the Limola consonant phoneme consists of seventeen consonants and there are six phonemes that are not found in the Limola language, namely, /f/, /h/, /x/, /z/, /q/, and /v/. The syllables of the Limola language are V, VK, KV, KVK, KVV. Then, the phonological process of assimilation, diphthongization, monophthongization, anaptyxis, prosthesis, epenthesis, paragoge, and zeroization is being used to demonstrate the sound changes throughout the Limola language. Keywords: conservation, phonology, the Limola language
 
Publisher Balai Bahasa Provinsi Bali
 
Contributor
 
Date 2021-07-12
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Peer-reviewed Article
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier https://aksara.kemdikbud.go.id/jurnal/index.php/aksara/article/view/671
10.29255/aksara.v33i1.671.153-168
 
Source Aksara; Vol 33, No 1 (2021): AKSARA, EDISI JUNI 2021; 153-168
2580-0353
0854-3283
 
Language eng
 
Relation https://aksara.kemdikbud.go.id/jurnal/index.php/aksara/article/view/671/pdf
https://aksara.kemdikbud.go.id/jurnal/index.php/aksara/article/downloadSuppFile/671/233
https://aksara.kemdikbud.go.id/jurnal/index.php/aksara/article/downloadSuppFile/671/234
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2021 Aksara
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0
 

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