Maqāshid Syarī’ah Jasser Auda: Sebuah Sistem Pendekatan dalam Hukum Islam Kontemporer

Al-Mizan

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Title Maqāshid Syarī’ah Jasser Auda: Sebuah Sistem Pendekatan dalam Hukum Islam Kontemporer
 
Creator Syarifuddin, Syarifuddin
 
Subject Maqāshid Syarī’ah
Jasser Auda
System Approach
Islamic Law
Maqāshid Syarī’ah
Jasser Auda
Sistem Pendekatan
Hukum Islam
 
Description Maqāshid is a goal to be achieved through the application of religion on the basis of maximizing maslahah and minimizing mafsadah. The originality of maqasid Auda's thoughts lies in the shifting paradigm and the development of maqāshid through a system approach that he takes. This was developed by Auda, because he saw the classical maqāshid theory which tended to be individual, rigid, narrow, and even seemed hierarchical. Auda shifted the classical maqāshid whose styles were protection and preservation (guarding) into development and human rights. In addition, Auda also approached the maqāshid with the features of the system he created: cognition, wholeness, openness, interrelated hierarchy, multidimensional situation, and purposefulness (goal). The existence of a feature lies in its purpose.
Maqāshid merupakan tujuan yang ingin dicapai melalui penerapan agama dengan basis memaksimalkan maslahah dan meminimalisir mafsadah. Originalitas pemikiran maqāshid Auda terletak pada pergeseran  paradigma  dan pengembangan maqāshid melalui sebuah sistem pendekatan yang dilakukannya. Ini dikembangkan Auda, karena melihat teori maqāshid klasik yang cenderung individual, kaku, sempit, bahkan terkesan hierarkis. Auda menggeser maqāshid klasik yang coraknya perlindungan dan penjagaan menjadi pembangunan dan hak-hak manusia. Di samping itu, Auda juga mendekati maqāshid dengan fitur-fitur sistem yang Auda buat, antara lain: pengartian, keutuhan, keterbukaan, hirarki yang saling terkait, situasi/keadaan, dan tujuan. Eksistensi sebuah fitur terletak pada kebermaksudannya (al-maqāshidiyah).
 
Publisher LP2M Institut Agama Islam Negeri Sultan Amai Gorontalo
 
Date 2021-06-30
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Peer-reviewed Article
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://journal.iaingorontalo.ac.id/index.php/am/article/view/2061
10.30603/am.v17i1.2061
 
Source Al-Mizan; Vol. 17 No. 1 (2021): Al-Mizan; 27-42
2442-8256
1907-0985
 
Language eng
 
Relation http://journal.iaingorontalo.ac.id/index.php/am/article/view/2061/1210
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2021 Al-Mizan
 

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