Academic patents and entrepreneurial intention. To what extent are other knowledge transfer mechanisms affected in a Mexican university?

Journal of Evolutionary Studies in Business

View Publication Info
Field Value
Title Academic patents and entrepreneurial intention. To what extent are other knowledge transfer mechanisms affected in a Mexican university?
Creator Calderón, María Guadalupe
Perez, Pilar
Subject Social Sciences; Economics; Management
Academic entrepreneurial intention; Academic patenting; Knowledge transfer; Mexican university

Description This research aims to expand the explanations about the debate on academic entrepreneurship and other knowledge transfer mechanisms, to respond to what extent entrepreneurial intention affects the diffusion and dissemination of knowledge in a Mexican university. The lack of indicators of commercial activity, leads us to propose the analysis of a pre-commercial stage of technology that we call entrepreneurial intention. After the literature review, we present a database of academic inventors in patents granted to the university, identifying patenting with an entrepreneurial intention, following Lomas (1993) knowledge transfer taxonomy. Data about publications and received citations by academic inventors is also considered for knowledge diffusion; as well as the supervision of end-of-degree projects in undergraduate and graduate studies; before and after the patent was granted, for knowledge dissemination. Using a binomial model, we estimated two data sets, one for the period 1984-2000 and the second for 2001-2020. Our findings reveal, an average increase of 60% in the number of patents obtained. We also found that the characteristics of the research group are significant in both models, but in the 2001-2020 period it is more important to integrate foreign inventors than patenting with firms, the dissemination of knowledge is more significant and has greater importance in the model. To respond to what extent entrepreneurial intention affects the diffusion and dissemination of knowledge, greater attention should be paid to the diffusion of knowledge since in both models the variable that represents publications after patenting is not significant. The explanation about the dissemination of knowledge improves substantially from one period to another.
Publisher Universitat de Barcelona
Date 2021-07-01
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Peer-reviewed Article

Format application/pdf
Source Journal of Evolutionary Studies in Business; Vol 6, No 2 (2021); 126-150
Journal of Evolutionary Studies in Business; Vol 6, No 2 (2021); 126-150
Language eng
/*ref*/<p>Aboites, Jaime and Manuel Soria. 2008. <em>Economía del Conocimiento y Propiedad Intelectual. Lecciones para la economía mexicana.</em> Mexico City: UAM Xochimilco y Siglo XXI Editores.</p><p>Abreu, María and Vadim Grinevich. 2013. “The nature of academic entrepreneurship in the UK: Widening the focus on entrepreneurial activities.” <em>Research Policy</em> 42: 408-22. doi: <a href="">10.1016/j.respol.2012.10.005</a>.</p>Acosta, Adrián. 2000. “Bajo el cielo ¿protector? De la globalización. Poder y políticas en la educación superior en América Latina.” <em>Perfiles Latinoamericanos</em>9: 69-93.<p>Acosta, Manuel, Daniel Coronado, Ma. Dolores León and Pedro J. Moreno. 2020. “The Production of Academic Technological Knowledge: An Exploration at the Research Group Level.” Journal of the Knowledge Economy 11: 1003-1025. doi: <a href="">10.1007/s13132-019-0586-9</a>.</p><p>Almeida, Mariza, Branca Terra and Pilar Perez-Hernández. 2011. “The incubator movement A comparative analysis of Brazil and Mexico.” In <em>Theory and practice of the triple helix system in developing countries. Issues and changes</em>, coordinated by Mohamed Saad and Girma Zawdie, 176-189. New York: Routledge studies in innovation, organization, and technology.</p><p>Baldini, Nicola. 2006. “University patenting and licensing activity: a review of the literature.” <em>Research Evaluation</em> 15: 197-207. doi: <a href="">10.3152/147154406781775878</a>.</p><p>Barletta, Florencia, Gabriel Yoguel, Mariano Pereira and Sergio Rodríguez. 2017. “Exploring scientific productivity and transfer activities: evidence from Argentinean ICT research groups.” <em>Research Policy</em> 46: 1361-69. doi: <a href="">10.1016/j.respol.2017.05.007</a>.</p><p>Baum, Robert, Edwin Locke and Ken Smith. 2001. “A multidimensional model of venture growth.” <em>Academy of Management Journal</em> 44: 292–303.</p><p>Bell, Robin. 2019. “Predicting entrepreneurial intention across the university.” <em>Education + Training </em>61: 815-31. doi:  <a href="">10.1108/ET-05-2018-0117</a><span style="text-decoration: underline;">.</span></p><p>Bennett, Roger and Helen Gabriel. 1999. “Organisational factors and knowledge management within large marketing departments: an empirical study.” <em>Journal of Knowledge Management</em> 3: 212-25. doi:  <a href=""></a><span style="text-decoration: underline;">.</span></p><p>Bjørgum, Øyvind and Roger Sørheim. 2015. “The funding of new technology firms in a pre-commercial industry – the role of smart capital.” <em>Technology Analysis &amp; Strategic Management</em> 27: 249-66. doi:  <a href=""></a><span style="text-decoration: underline;">.</span></p><p>Bresnahan, Timothy, Alfonso Gambardella and Annalee Saxenian. 2001 “Old Economy’ Inputs for ‘New Economy’ Outcomes: Cluster Formation in the New Silicon Valleys.” <em>Industrial and Corporate Change</em> 10: 835-60. doi:  <a href=""></a><span style="text-decoration: underline;">.</span></p><p>Caldera, Aida and Oliver Debande. 2010. “Performance of Spanish universities in technology transfer: An empirical analysis.” <em>Research Policy </em>39: 1160-73. doi: <a title="Persistent link using digital object identifier" href="" target="_blank"></a><span style="text-decoration: underline;">.</span></p><p>Calderón-Martínez, Guadalupe and José García-Quevedo. 2013. “Transferencia de conocimiento y patentes universitarias en México.” <em>Academia, Revista Latinoamericana de Administración</em> 26: 33-60. doi:  <a href="">10.1108/ARLA-05-2013-0039</a>.</p><p>Cameron, Colin and Trivedi Pravin. 1998. <em>Regression analysis of count data.</em> New York: Cambridge University Press.</p><p>Clark, Burton. 1998. <em>Creating Entrepreneurial Universities: Organizational Pathways of Transformation</em>e. New York:<em> </em>International Association of Universities and Elsevier Science.</p><p>Covin, Jeffrey and Dennis Slevin. 1989. “Strategic management of small firms in hostile and benign environments.” <em>Strategic Management Journal</em> 10: 75-87. doi:  <a href=""></a><span style="text-decoration: underline;">.</span></p><p>D’Este, Pablo and Markus Perkmann. 2011. “Why do academics engage with industry? The entrepreneurial university and individual motivations.”<em> </em><em>The Journal of Technology Tran</em>sfer 36: 316-39. doi: <a href="">10.1007/s10961-010-9153-z</a>.</p><p>Dalmarco, Gustavo, Willem Hulsink and Guilherme Bloisa. 2018. “Creating entrepreneurial universities in an emerging economy: Evidence from Brazil.” <em>Technological Forecasting and Social Change</em> 135: 99-111. doi: <a href="">10.1016/j.techfore.2018.04.015</a>.</p><p>Díaz, Claudia. 2019. “Emprendurismo académico: los inventores de la UAM.” In <em>Aproximaciones a la universidad emprendedora en México,</em> coordinated by Guadalupe Calderón, Claudia Díaz, Marco Jaso y José Luis Sampedro, 45-86. Mexico City: Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana.</p><p>Dohse, Dirk and Sacha Walter. 2012. “Knowledge context and entrepreneurial intentions among students.” <em>Small Business Economics</em> 39(4): 877–95. doi:  <a href="/index.php/JESB/editor/viewMetadata/10.1007/s11187-011-9324-9">10.1007/s11187-011-9324-9</a>.</p><p>Etzkowitz, Henry and Loet Leydesdorff. 2000. “The Dynamics of Innovation: From National Systems and ‘Mode 2’ to a Triple Helix of University-Industry-Government Relations.” <em>Research Policy</em> 29(2): 109-23. doi: . <a href="">10.1016/S0048-7333(99)00055-4</a>.</p><p>Execum. 2020. “Estudio Comparativo de Universidades Mexicanas. Explorador de Datos Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Dirección General de Evaluación Institucional”. Accessed August 4<sup>th</sup>, 2020: <a href=""></a>.</p><p>Fayolle, Alain and Francisco Liñán. 2014. “The future of research on entrepreneurial intentions.” <em>Journal of Business Research</em> 67(5): 663-66.</p><p>Fayolle, Alain and Dana T. Redford. 2014. <em>Handbook on the Entrepreneurial University</em>. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.</p><p>Fini, Ricardo and Laura Toschi. 2016. “Academic logic and corporate entrepreneurial intentions: A study of the interaction between cognitive and institutional factors in new firms.” <em>International Small Business Journal: Researching Entrepreneurship</em> 34(5): 637-59. doi:  <a href=""></a><span style="text-decoration: underline;">.</span></p><p>Gagnon, Michelle. 2009. “Moving knowledge to action through dissemination and exchange.” <em>Journal of Clinical Epidemiology</em> 64: 25-31. doi:   <a href="">10.1016/j.jclinepi.2009.08.013. Epub 2009 Dec 11</a>.</p><p>Gans, Joshua and Scott Stern. 2003. “The product market and the market for “ideas”: commercialization strategies for technology entrepreneurs.” <em>Research Policy</em> 32: 333–50.</p>Guerrero, Maribel, James Cunningham and David Urbano. 2015. “Economic impact of entrepreneurial universities’ activities: An exploratory study of the United Kingdom.” <em>Research Policy</em> 44: 748–64. doi:  <a href="">10.1016/j.respol.2014.10.008</a>.<p>Hernández, Sergio y Eliseo Díaz. 2007. “La producción y el uso del conocimiento en México y su impacto en la innovación: análisis regional de las patentes solicitadas.” <em>Análisis Económico, </em>22: 185-17.</p><p>Hormiga, Esther, Petra de Saá-Pérez, Nieves Díaz-Díaz, José Luis Ballesteros-Rodríguez and Inmaculada Aguiar-Diaz. 2017. “The influence of entrepreneurial orientation on the performance of academic research groups: the mediating role of knowledge sharing.” <em>The Journal of Technology Transfer</em> 42: 10-32.</p><p>Hsu, David, Edward Roberts and Charles Eesley. 2007. “Entrepreneurs from technology-based universities: Evidence from MIT.” <em>Research Policy</em> 36(5): 768-88. doi: <a href="/index.php/JESB/editor/viewMetadata/"></a><span style="text-decoration: underline;">.</span></p><p>Huberman, Michael. 1987. “Steps Toward an Integrated Model of Research Utilization”. Knowledge 8, (June 1987): 586–11. doi:  <a href="">10.1177/0164025987008004002</a>.</p><p>Lach, Saul and Marc Shankerman. 2008. “Incentives and invention in universities.” <em>Rand Journal of Economics</em> 39: 403-33. doi:  <a href=""></a><span style="text-decoration: underline;">.</span></p><p>Liñán, Francisco and Alain Fayolle. 2015. “A systematic literature review on entrepreneurial intentions: Citation, thematic analyses, and research agenda.” <em>International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal </em>11(4): 907–33. doi: <a href="">10.1007/s11365-015-0356-5</a>.</p><p>Lomas, Jonathan. 1993. “Diffusion, dissemination, and implementation: who should do what?” <em>Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences</em> 703: 226–237. doi:  <a href="/index.php/JESB/editor/viewMetadata/%20https:/"></a><span style="text-decoration: underline;">.</span></p><p>Lumpkin, Thomas and Gregory Dess. 1996. “Clarifying the Entrepreneurial Orientation Construct and Linking It to Performance.” <em>The Academy of Management Review</em> 21: 135-72. doi: <a href="">10.5465/amr.1996.9602161568</a>.</p><p>Mowery, David. 2005. “The Bayh Dole Act and High Technology Entrepreneuship in US Universities: chicken, egg or something else.” In University Entrepreneurship and Technology Transfer, edited by Gary D. Libecap, 39-68. Amsterdam: Elsevier.</p><p>Olmos-Peñuela, Julia, Elena Castro-Martínez and Pablo D’Este. 2014. “Knowledge transfer activities in social sciences and humanities: explaining the interactions of research groups with non-academic agents.” <em>Research Policy</em> 43: 696–706. doi: <a href="">10.1016/j.respol.2013.12.004</a>.</p><p>Pérez, Pilar and Martha Varela. 2019. “Cultura emprendedora universitaria: el caso del Instituto Politécnico Nacional”. In <em>Aproximaciones a la universidad emprendedora en México,</em> coordinated by Guadalupe Calderón, Claudia Díaz, Marco Jaso y José Luis Sampedro, 155-192. Mexico City: Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana.</p><p>Perkmann, Markus, Valentina Tartari, Maureen McKelvey, Erkko Autio, Anders Broström, Pablo D’Este, Riccardo Fini, Aldo Geuna, Rosa Grimaldi, Alan Hughes, Stefan Krabel, Michael Kitson, Patrick Llerena, Francisco Lissoni, Ammon Salter, and Maurizio Sobrero. 2013. “Academic engagement and commercialization: A review of the literature on university–industry relations.” <em>Research Policy</em> 42: 423-42.</p><p>Powell, Walter, Kenneth Kopu and Laurel Smith-Doerr. 1996 “Inter-organizational Collaboration and the Locus of Innovation: Networks of Learning in Biotechnology.” <em>Administrative Science Quarterly</em> 41(1): 116-45.</p><p>Rasmussen, Elinar and Odd Borch. 2010. “University capabilities in facilitating entrepreneurship: A longitudinal study of spin-off ventures at mid-range universities.” <em>Research Policy</em> 39(5): 602–612. doi: <a href="">10.1016/j.respol.2010.02.002</a>.</p><p>Rhoades, Gary and Sheila Slaughter. 2004. “Academic Capitalism in the New Economy: Challenges and Choices.” <em>American Academic </em>1: 37-59.</p><p>Riviezzo, Angel, Susana C. Santos, Francisco Liñán, Maria Rosaria Napolitano, Floriana Fusco. 2019. “European universities seeking entrepreneurial paths: the moderating effect of contextual variables on the entrepreneurial orientation-performance relationship.” <em>Technological Forecasting &amp; Social Change</em> 141: 232-48. doi: <a href="">10.1016/j.techfore.2018.10.011</a>.</p><p>Salughter, Sheila and Larry Leslie. 1997. <em>Academic Capitalism. Politics, Policies, and the Entrepreneurial University</em>. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.</p><p>Sánchez-Barrioluengo, Mabel. 2014 “Articulating the ‘three-missions’ in Spanish universities.” <em>Research Policy</em> 43: 1760–1773. doi: <a href="">10.1016/j.respol.2014.06.001</a>.</p><p>Shane, Scott. 2000. “Prior knowledge and the discovery of entrepreneurial opportunities.” <em>Organization Science</em> 11: 367–472. doi:  <a href="">10.1287/orsc.11.4.448.14602</a><span style="text-decoration: underline;">.</span></p><p>Slaughter, Sheila and Gary Rhoades. 2004. <em>Academic Capitalism and the New Economy: Markets, State, and Higher Education</em>. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.</p><p>Smilor, Raymond. 1987. <em>The Art and Science of Entrepreneurship</em>. Cambridge: Ballinger.</p><p>Tijssen, Robert. 2016. “Universities and industrially relevant science: Towards measurement models and indicators of entrepreneurial orientation.” <em>Research Policy</em> 35: 1569-85. doi: <a href="">10.1016/j.respol.2006.09.025</a>.</p><p>Vence, Xavier. 2010. “La investigación universitaria frente al corsé de las patentes y la mercantilización del conocimiento y la empresa privada.” In <em>Construir el futuro de la universidad pública</em>, coordinated by Albert Corominas y Vera Sacristan, 77-100. Barcelona: Icaria Editoria.</p><p>Verspagen, Bart. 2006. “University research, intellectual property rights and European innovation systems.” <em>Journal of Economic Surveys</em> 20(4): 607-632.</p>
Coverage Latin America; Mexico

Academic patents
Rights Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Evolutionary Studies in Business

Contact Us

The PKP Index is an initiative of the Public Knowledge Project.

For PKP Publishing Services please use the PKP|PS contact form.

For support with PKP software we encourage users to consult our wiki for documentation and search our support forums.

For any other correspondence feel free to contact us using the PKP contact form.

Find Us


Copyright © 2015-2018 Simon Fraser University Library