Non-medical use of methylphenidate by medical students: prevalence and motivations. Integrative review

Revista Ciências em Saúde

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Title Non-medical use of methylphenidate by medical students: prevalence and motivations. Integrative review
Creator Batista da Costa, Leticia
Sousa, Jiliélisson Oliveira de
Silva, Samillys Valeska Bezerra de França
Almeida, Valéria Duarte de
Fernandes, Thales Allyrio Araújo de Medeiros
Subject methylphenidate
medical students
non-prescription drug misuse
medical students
non-prescription drug misuse
Description Objective: This study performed a literature review evaluating aspects of prevalence and motivations on the non-medical use of methylphenidate by medical students. Methods: We searched the Scopus, PubMed, SciELO, and Web of Science databases and the Google Scholar search tool using the keywords "Methylphenidate" and "Medical Student" and their correlates in Portuguese. A total of 472 articles were recovered, of which 24 were included for full reading and discussion after the application of the pre-established inclusion and exclusion criteria. Results: It was observed that the prevalence of non-prescribed use of methylphenidate ranged from 0.51% in Lithuania to 35% in Colombia. The main motivations reported for using the drug were academic outcomes improvement and increase in concentration during studies, although research shows no significant improvement in academic performance with the use of medication by healthy individuals. Conclusion: The non-prescribed use of methylphenidate presents a high and worrying frequency. Also, scientific studies questioning the use of psychostimulant medications for cognitive improvement by healthy students make the practice illegal and unfounded.
Publisher AISI/HCI
Date 2021-06-22
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Peer reviewed
Avaliado pelos pares
Format application/pdf
Source Health Sciences Journal; Vol 11 No 2 (2021): April to June 2021; 24-34
Revista Ciências em Saúde; v. 11 n. 2 (2021): Abril a Junho de 2021; 24-34
Language eng
Rights Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Ciências em Saúde

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