Salinity Dynamics in Subsoiled Soils of the Northwest of the Argentine Pampean Plain

International Journal of Plant & Soil Science

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Title Salinity Dynamics in Subsoiled Soils of the Northwest of the Argentine Pampean Plain
 
Creator Casas, Roberto R.
Baridón, Juan E.
 
Description Aims: The objective of the present work was to evaluate the annual evolution of the electrical conductivity and the reaction of the soil, in a Natraqualf of the northwest of the Argentine Pampean Plain, treated with a subsoiler and sowing of wheatgrass.
Methodology: Four treatments were established in plots of 400 m2: natural pasture; pasture with wheatgrass (Thynopirum ponticum); natural pasture with subsoiling and wheatgrass pasture with subsoiling. Soil samples were extracted at depths of 0-15 cm, 15-30 cm and 30-45 cm, in January, April, July and October. The edaphic parameters analyzed were: pH, electrical conductivity and bulk density. In October, the dry matter production was determined by treatment. The monthly variation of the depth of the groundwater and its chemical characteristics was measured.
Results: The depth of the water table fluctuated between 1.30 m and 0.70 m. The implantation of wheatgrass combined with subsoiling produced a decrease in electrical conductivity from 23.7 dS.m-1 to 3.4 dS.m-1 at 0-15 cm, and from 18.3 dS.m-1 to 7.9 dS.m-1 at 15-30 cm. Soil pH decreased almost one unit in the first 30 cm of depth of the treatments that included wheatgrass. The bulk density was reduced from 1.39 to 1.03 g.cm-3 in the treatment with subsoiling and wheatgrass, and 1.09 g.cm-3 in the wheatgrass treatment without subsoiling. The salt concentration and reaction of the soil at more than 30 cm did not show significant changes in the course of the work.
Conclusion: The implantation of wheatgrass, combined with the use of a “mole plow” subsoiler, in the studied soil, produces a significant decrease in the salt content and soil pH in the first 30 cm of depth. At more than 30 cm the salt concentration and reaction of the soil is determined by the groundwater.
 
Publisher SCIENCEDOMAIN international
 
Date 2021-06-23
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://journalijpss.com/index.php/IJPSS/article/view/30511
10.9734/ijpss/2021/v33i1530511
 
Source International Journal of Plant & Soil Science; 2021 - Volume 33 [Issue 15]; 51-59
2320-7035
 
Language eng
 
Relation http://journalijpss.com/index.php/IJPSS/article/view/30511/57259
http://journalijpss.com/index.php/IJPSS/article/view/30511/57260
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2021 Casas and Baridón; This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
 

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