Unpacking Climate Change Adaptation Strategies: An Account of Smallholder Farmer Experiences in Chimanimani District, Zimbabwe

Africanus: Journal of Development Studies

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Title Unpacking Climate Change Adaptation Strategies: An Account of Smallholder Farmer Experiences in Chimanimani District, Zimbabwe
Creator Musarandega, Happwell
Chingombe, Wisemen
Pillay, Rajendran
Subject climate change adaptation
smallholder farmer
resilience building
sustainable development
adaptive capacity.
Description This article reports on a study that analysed a myriad of adaptation practices adopted by smallholder farmers in Chimanimani District, Zimbabwe. Using a predominantly qualitative design, some in-depth interviews were conducted with purposefully selected key respondents. Focus group discussions with 8 to 12 smallholder farmers per group were conducted in each of the district’s 22 wards. These were corroborated by the guided observation method. The data was analysed using thematic content analysis, where broad strands of responses were synthesised and condensed into narrow themes that made them easier to interpret. Accordingly, smallholder farmers opted for drought tolerant crop and animal species, indigenous seed preservation techniques, aquaculture and conservation farming. The off-farm practices included craftwork, bee-keeping, artesian mining and trade. The sustainable livelihoods framework (SLF) was used as an analytical lens to appraise the sustainability of smallholder farmers’ choices and practices. Therefore, as farmers switched from one practice to another, many of their adaptive options reflected short-term livelihood benefits with concealed medium- to long-term environmental detriments. Strangely, some malpractices have their roots in short-sighted government policy frameworks mainstreamed to alleviate grass roots poverty. A thorough evaluation of adaptive policies is recommended so as to strengthen the adaptive capacity of smallholder farmers against the background of climate change.
Publisher Unisa Press
Date 2021-06-23
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Peer-reviewed Article
Format application/pdf
Identifier https://upjournals.co.za/index.php/Africanus/article/view/5730
Source Africanus: Journal of Development Studies; Vol. 50 No. 1 (2020); 21 pages
Language eng
Relation https://upjournals.co.za/index.php/Africanus/article/view/5730/4734
Rights Copyright (c) 2021 Unisa Press

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