Efisiensi Teknis Usahatani Kubis Petani di Kabupaten Karo

Jurnal Agro Ekonomi

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Title Efisiensi Teknis Usahatani Kubis Petani di Kabupaten Karo
 
Creator Karo-Karo, Esra Frandika; Fakultas Ekonomi dan Manajemen, Universitas IPB Jln. Raya Darmaga, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680, Jawa Barat, Indonesia
Priyarsono, Dominicus Savio; Fakultas Ekonomi dan Manajemen, Universitas IPB Jln. Raya Darmaga, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680, Jawa Barat, Indonesia
Hartoyo, Sri; Fakultas Ekonomi dan Manajemen, Universitas IPB Jln. Raya Darmaga, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680, Jawa Barat, Indonesia
 
Subject Cobb-Douglas; Farming Feasibility; Stochastic Frontier Analysis; Technical Efficiency; Efisiensi Teknis; Kelayakan Usahatani
 
Description EnglishKaro Regency is the center of cabbage production in North Sumatra Province. The cabbage farming productivity in North Sumatra Province is low compared to other provinces on the island of Sumatra. This study aims to evaluate the cabbage farmings economic feasibility and technical efficiency. Farming feasibility was evaluated financially whereas technical eficiency was measured using the stochastic Cobb-Douglas production function in two categories, marginal and non-marginal farmings. The data was collected through a survey in February-June 2020 with respondents of 58 farmers for each categories. The results showed that the marginal farmings were technically efficient but were not profitable if land rent and labor cost were inputed. In contrary, the non-marginal farmings were technically inefficient but were profitable. This indicates that the poor but efficient hypothesis is true. The significant determinants of of the marginal farmings technical inefficiency were farmer’s age, labor ratio, land ownership, and farmer group membership. The study failed to find any significant determinant of technical inefficiency of the non-marginal farmers. The techical efficiency and profitablity of the cabbage farmings could possibly increased by increasing farmers’ participation in farmers group, building irrigation, developing agricultural institutions and trainings on good seedling practices.IndonesianKabupaten Karo adalah sentra utama produksi kubis di Provinsi Sumatera Utara. Tingkat produktivitas usahatani kubis di Provinsi Sumatera Utara relatif rendah dibandingkan provinsi lainnya di pulau Sumatera. Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengevaluasi kelayakan ekonomi dan efisiensi teknis usahatani kubis. Kelayakan usaha dianalisis secara finansial sedangkan efisiensi teknis diukur dengan fungsi produksi Cobb-Douglas stokastik dalam dua kategori usahatani, yaitu petani gurem dan bukan gurem. Data dikumpulkan melalui survei pada Februari-Juni 2020 dengan responden 58 petani untuk setiap kategori yang dipilih purposif. Penelitian menunjukkan bahwa usahatani kubis skala gurem efisen secara teknis namun tidak menguntungkan jika biaya tenaga kerja keluarga dan sewa lahan diperhitungkan. Sebaliknya, usahatani kubis berskala bukan gurem tidak efisien secara teknis namun menguntungkan secara finansial. Artinya, hipotesis ‘poor but efficient’ berlaku. Faktor-faktor yang berpengaruh terhadap inefisiensi teknis usahatani gurem hingga tingkat nyata 10% adalah usia petani, rasio tenaga kerja, status lahan, anggota kelompok tani. Sedangkan untuk usahatani bukan gurem tidak ditemukan faktor-faktor sosial ekonomi yang mempengaruhi efisiensi teknis hingga tingkat nyata 10%. Efisiensi teknis dan pendapatan usahatani kubis masih dapat ditingkatkan dengan meningkatkan partisipasi petani dalam kelompok tani, membangun saluran irigasi, memfasilitasi tumbuh kembangnya lembaga pertanian dan memberikan pelatihan menyemai bibit yang baik.
 
Publisher Pusat Sosial Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Pertanian
 
Contributor
 
Date 2021-06-07
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Peer-reviewed Article
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://ejurnal.litbang.pertanian.go.id/index.php/jae/article/view/12385
10.21082/jae.v39n1.2021.51-68
 
Source Jurnal Agro Ekonomi; Vol 39, No 1 (2021): Jurnal Agro Ekonomi: IN PRESS; 51-68
Jurnal Agro Ekonomi; Vol 39, No 1 (2021): Jurnal Agro Ekonomi: IN PRESS; 51-68
2541-1527
0216-9053
 
Language eng
 
Relation http://ejurnal.litbang.pertanian.go.id/index.php/jae/article/view/12385/9742
http://ejurnal.litbang.pertanian.go.id/index.php/jae/article/downloadSuppFile/12385/1521
http://ejurnal.litbang.pertanian.go.id/index.php/jae/article/downloadSuppFile/12385/1522
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Agro Ekonomi
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0
 

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