Uji Laboratorium Efektivitas Ekstrak Etanol Daun Brotowali sebagai Insektisida terhadap Nyamuk Aedes Aegypti di Universitas Abdurrab Pekanbaru

Health Information : Jurnal Penelitian

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Title Uji Laboratorium Efektivitas Ekstrak Etanol Daun Brotowali sebagai Insektisida terhadap Nyamuk Aedes Aegypti di Universitas Abdurrab Pekanbaru
Laboratory Test of the Effectiveness of Brotowali Leaf Ethanol Extract as Insecticide against Aedes Aegypti Mosquito at Abdurrab University Pekanbaru
 
Creator Juariah, Siti
Kartini, Sri
Wardani, Yulinda
 
Subject Aedes Aegypti
Daun brotowali
Ethanol extract
Laboratory experiment
Aedes Aegypti
Ekstrak etanol
Daun brotowali
Eksperimen laboratorium
 
Description Aedes aegypti merupakan jenis nyamuk yang berperan sebagai vektor virus Dengue. Selama ini, pengendalian vektor virus tersebut dilakukan menggunakan insektisida kimiawi. Namun ternyata jika dilakukan secara terus menerus, akan menyebabkan timbulnya resistensi sehingga diperlukan suatu upaya untuk menangani hal tersebut. Salah satu cara yang kemungkinan dapat dilakukan yaitu menggunakan insektisida alami yang berasal dari tumbuh- tumbuhan. Salah satu tanaman yan dianggap dapat digunakan sebagai insektisida alami yaitu ekstrak daun brotowali (Tinospora crispa L). Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui efektifitas ekstrak etanol daun brotowali (Tinospora crispa L) sebagai insektisida terhadap nyamuk Aedes aegypti. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode eksperimen laboratorium dengan desain penelitian design post only control group. Ekstrak etanol daun brotowali dibuat dalam berbagai konsentrasi yaitu 15%, 20%, dan 25% kemudian dilakukan penyemprotan terhadap nyamuk Aedes aegypti diamati selama 60 menit. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa konsentrasi 15%, 20% dan 25% dapat membunuh nyamuk secara berturut-turut yaitu sebanyak 1 ekor (20%) , 3 ekor (60%), dan 4 ekor (80%). Hasil penelitian ini dapat disimpulkan bahwa ekstrak etanol daun brotowali (Tinospora crispa L) dapat digunakan sebagi insektisida terhadap nyamuk Aedes aegypti.
Aedes aegypti is a type of mosquito that acts as a vector for the dengue virus. So far, the control of the virus vector has been carried out using chemical insecticides. But it turns out that if it is done continuously, it will cause resistance so that an effort is needed to deal with it. One possible way is to use natural insecticides derived from plants. One of the plants that is considered to be used as a natural insecticide is brotowali leaf extract (Tinospora crispa L). The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of the ethanol extract of brotowali (Tinospora crispa L) leaves as an insecticide against the Aedes aegypti mosquito. This study uses a laboratory experimental method with a post-only control group research design. The ethanolic extract of brotowali leaves was made in various concentrations of 15%, 20%, and 25% then sprayed on the Aedes aegypti mosquito and observed for 60 minutes. The results showed that concentrations of 15%, 20% and 25% were able to kill mosquitoes, respectively, namely 1 (20%), 3 (60%), and 4 (80%). The results of this study can be concluded that the ethanol extract of brotowali (Tinospora crispa L) leaves can be used as an insecticide against Aedes aegypti mosquitoes.
 
 
Publisher Poltekkes Kemenkes Kendari
 
Date 2021-06-29
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Peer-Reviewed Article
text
Artikel Reviu Komunitas
text
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://myjurnal.poltekkes-kdi.ac.id/index.php/HIJP/article/view/282
10.36990/hijp.v13i1.282
/22917/HIJP.v13i1.282
 
Source Health Information : Jurnal Penelitian; Vol. 13 No. 1 (2021): Januari-Juni; 41-46
Health Information : Jurnal Penelitian; Vol 13 No 1 (2021): Januari-Juni; 41-46
2622-5905
2085-0840
10.36990/hijp.v13i1
/22917/hijp.v13i1
 
Language ind
 
Relation http://myjurnal.poltekkes-kdi.ac.id/index.php/HIJP/article/view/282/191
 
Rights Hak Cipta (c) 2021 Siti Juariah, Sri Kartini, Yulinda Wardani
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0
 

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