Causative Agents in Patients Presenting with Acute Viral Hepatitis along with their Clinical Profile at a Tertiary Care Hospital, Western U.P.

Academia Journal of Medicine

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Field Value
 
Title Causative Agents in Patients Presenting with Acute Viral Hepatitis along with their Clinical Profile at a Tertiary Care Hospital, Western U.P.
 
Creator Mishra, Amit
Shweta R Sharma
 
Subject Acute viral hepatitis
acute liver failure
Anti -HEV
 
Description Acute viral hepatitis (AVH) is a common health-related problem throughout the world, but morbidity and mortality are prevalently seen in developing countries like India. In India, AVH is most commonly caused by HAV (hepatitis A virus) and HEV (hepatitis E virus) and in few cases, HBV (Hepatitis B virus) is the etiological agent. HEV mainly affects the middle-aged population, is mild in symptoms however it is lethal with 30% mortality in pregnant females compared to the mortality of 1% in the general population. This study was focussed to identify the etiological agents, various clinical - laboratory factors, disease severity and associated complications in patients presenting with AVH. In our study, HEV was the most common etiological agent accounting for 43.6% of cases followed by HAV (29.1%), HBV (26.1%) and HCV (1.2%). The most common age group involved with AVH was the adult group i.e. from 21-30 yrs (35.1%) followed by 11-20 yrs (27.9%), below 10 yrs (15.1%) and 31-40 yrs (14.5%). The commonest symptom was yellow-colored urine (86.1%) followed by yellow discolouration of sclera and loss of appetite. Bleeding derangement was observed in all patients with acute liver failure (ALF) while Hepatic encephalopathy was observed in 3 patients with ALF. To conclude, integration of diagnostic measures, early diagnosis, treatment protocols, prevention and mass vaccination will help in the overall reduction of AVH cases and related complications.
 
Publisher Dr Sanket Hiware, College of Medicine and Health Science, DireDawa University, Ethiopia.
 
Date 2021-06-02
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Peer-reviewed Article
 
Format application/pdf
application/xml
text/html
application/epub+zip
 
Identifier https://aijournals.com/index.php/ajm/article/view/1944
 
Source Academia Journal of Medicine; Vol 4 No 1 (2021): January-June 2021; 32-36
2663-8290
2663-8282
 
Language eng
 
Relation https://aijournals.com/index.php/ajm/article/view/1944/2259
https://aijournals.com/index.php/ajm/article/view/1944/2260
https://aijournals.com/index.php/ajm/article/view/1944/2261
https://aijournals.com/index.php/ajm/article/view/1944/2262
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2021 Author
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
 

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