MEMBANDINGKAN CATATAN PERJALANAN PELANCONG DAN NISAN KUNO KERAJAAN PERLAK, ACEH TIMUR, ACEH: [Compairing Travel Notes and Ancient Nisan Peureulak Kingdom, East Aceh, Aceh]

Berkala Arkeologi Sangkhakala

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Title MEMBANDINGKAN CATATAN PERJALANAN PELANCONG DAN NISAN KUNO KERAJAAN PERLAK, ACEH TIMUR, ACEH: [Compairing Travel Notes and Ancient Nisan Peureulak Kingdom, East Aceh, Aceh]
 
Creator Ajis, Ambo Asse
 
Subject ancient kingdom
trade
harbour
ancient Islamic settlement
early Islamization
Ancient Kingdom;
trade;
harbor;
ancient Islamic settlement;
 
Description The 11th century AD Armenian text entitled A Journals of the South China Sea refers to the tofonim Peureulak  by the name Poure (Armenian) as a rich and valuable port. Marco Polo (1293 / late 13th century AD) was called Ferlec (Portuguese), which was a settlement with an Islamic population that was regularly visited by Islamic traders. The Negarakertagama manuscript of the 14th century AD mentions the name Parllak (Javanese) as one of the vassals of the Majapahit Kingdom. Likewise local texts, especially Hikayat Raja-Raja Pasai, mention that the existence of the Peureulak  Kingdom ended when it merged into the power of the Samudera Pasai Kingdom (1297 AD) through the process of marriage. This paper aims to see whether the records of the above improvements have the support of archaeological remains, especially the pre-Pasai Ocean era. The research method is descriptive by comparing information with the existence of archaeological remains of two pieces of data that have the same space and time dimensions, namely the rise of the pre-13th century AD and archaeological remains in the form of ancient pre-Samudera Pasai tombstones. The final conclusion is that the results of the comparison of space and time dimensions show that there is a synchronization that confirms the record that saw the Muslim population in Peureulak  before the establishment of the kingdom of Samudera Pasai, which is one of the earliest Islamic cities in Southeast Asia.
Teks berbahasa Armenia abad ke-11 Masehi berjudul Suatu Catatan Perjalanan di laut Cina Selatan menyebut toponim Peureulak dengan nama Poure (bahasa Armenia) sebagai pelabuhan yang kaya dan berharga. Marco Polo (1293/akhir abad ke-13 M) menyebutnya Ferlec (bahasa Portugis) yakni sebuah lokasi permukiman berpenduduk Islam yang rutin disinggahi pedagang Islam. Naskah Negarakertagama abad 14 menyebut nama Parllak (bahasa Jawa) sebagai salah satu vasal Kerajaan Majapahit. Demikian juga naskah lokal, khususnya Hikayat Raja-Raja Pasai menyebut eksistensi Kerajaan Peureulak  berakhir ketika melebur ke dalam kekuasaan Kerajaan Samudera Pasai (1297 M) melalui proses pernikahan. Tulisan ini bertujuan ingin melihat apakah catatan para pelancong di atas memiliki dukungan tinggalan arkeologis khususnya era sebelum Samudera Pasai. Metode penelitian bersifat deskriptif dengan cara melakukan komparasi informasi dengan keberadaan tinggalan arkeologis dua buah data yang memiliki kedudukan dimensi ruang dan waktu yang sama, yakni catatan pelancong abad sebelum abad 13 dan tinggalan arkeologis berupa nisan-nisan kuno era sebelum Samudera Pasai. Kesimpulan akhirnya bahwa dari hasil perbandingan dimensi ruang dan waktu menunjukan ada singkronisasi membenarkan catatan para pelancong melihat adanya penduduk Islam di Peureulak  sebelum berdirinya kerajaan Samudera Pasai, yakni satu kota paling awal yang terislamisasi di Asia Tenggara.
 
Publisher Balai Arkeologi Sumatera Utara
 
Date 2021-06-09
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
 
Format application/pdf
application/epub+zip
text/html
 
Identifier http://sangkhakala.kemdikbud.go.id/index.php/SBA/article/view/444
10.24832/bas.v24i1.444
 
Source Berkala Arkeologi Sangkhakala; Vol. 24 No. 1 (2021); 1-14
Berkala Arkeologi Sangkhakala; Vol 24 No 1 (2021); 1-14
2580-8907
1410-3974
 
Language eng
 
Relation http://sangkhakala.kemdikbud.go.id/index.php/SBA/article/view/444/641
http://sangkhakala.kemdikbud.go.id/index.php/SBA/article/view/444/654
http://sangkhakala.kemdikbud.go.id/index.php/SBA/article/view/444/655
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2021 Berkala Arkeologi Sangkhakala
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0
 

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