PERANG KESULTANAN ARU MENGHADAPI KESULTANAN ACEH DI ABAD XVI M: [Aru Sultanate War Facing The Aceh Sultanate in The XVI M]

Berkala Arkeologi Sangkhakala

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Title PERANG KESULTANAN ARU MENGHADAPI KESULTANAN ACEH DI ABAD XVI M: [Aru Sultanate War Facing The Aceh Sultanate in The XVI M]
 
Creator Soedewo, Ery
 
Subject offensive
defensive
allies
Aru
Aceh
perang; agresif; defensif; senjata; sekutu; Aru; Aceh
 
Description Aru Sultanate was a state in Sumatra Island cited by numerous local and international sources between 13th and 16th centuries CE. In the middle of 16th century CE, the sovereignty of Aru was threatened by Aceh Sultanate’s aggression to its neighbouring states in Sumatra. Aru Sultanate’s strategic moves to deal with that aggression is the subject matter of this article. The discussion of such strategies is aimed at revealing what options came to surface by the defensive side to counter the aggressor. Historical reviews of two main records of the Portuguese Tomé Pires and Ferna-O Mendes Pinto revealed the potential strength and strategies adopted by Aru Sultanate to repel Aceh Sultanate’s attack. The presence of the fort as a supporting defensive factor allows Aru Sultanate to deploy a defensive strategy in Aru War I. The defensive stance, however, turned into offensive one in Aru Wars II and III as a strong ally, Johor Sultanate came to assist. Despite more alliances were formed with more states, victory ultimately belonged to Aceh Sultanate.
Kesultanan Aru adalah salah satu negeri di Pulau Sumatera yang disebut oleh sumber-sumber tertulis lokal dan mancanegara sejak abad ke-13 – ke-16 M. Pada pertengahan abad ke-16 M, kedaulatan Kesultanan Aru terancam oleh agresi Kesultanan Aceh ke negeri-negeri tetangganya di Pulau Sumatera. Langkah-langkah strategis apa yang ditempuh oleh Kesultanan Aru dalam menghadapi agresi Kesultanan Aceh, merupakan permasalahan yang diulas dalam karya tulis ini. Pembahasan tentang strategi yang dipakai oleh Kesultanan Aru dalam menghadapi agresi Kesultanan Aceh bertujuan mengungkap pilihan strategi yang diterapkan oleh pihak yang bertahan dalam menghadapi agresi dari luar.  Melalui kajian historis terhadap data utama berupa dua catatan bangsa Portugis yakni Tome Pires dan Ferna-O Mendes Pinto, diungkap potensi kekuatan dan strategi yang diterapkan oleh Kesultanan Aru dalam menghadapi serangan Kesultanan Aceh. Keberadaan benteng sebagai salah satu unsur kekuatan negara, membuat Kesultanan Aru memilih strategi yang defensif pada Perang Aru I. Strategi Kesultanan Aru berubah dari defensif menjadi ofensif -saat Perang Aru II dan Perang Aru III- setelah memperoleh sekutu yang kuat yakni Kesultanan Johor. Meskipun jalinan persekutuan telah dibentuk oleh Kesultanan Aru dengan sejumlah negeri, namun kejayaan akhirnya menjadi milik Kesultanan Aceh.
 
Publisher Balai Arkeologi Sumatera Utara
 
Date 2021-06-09
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
 
Format application/pdf
application/epub+zip
text/html
 
Identifier http://sangkhakala.kemdikbud.go.id/index.php/SBA/article/view/443
10.24832/bas.v24i1.443
 
Source Berkala Arkeologi Sangkhakala; Vol. 24 No. 1 (2021); 15-30
Berkala Arkeologi Sangkhakala; Vol 24 No 1 (2021); 15-30
2580-8907
1410-3974
 
Language eng
 
Relation http://sangkhakala.kemdikbud.go.id/index.php/SBA/article/view/443/642
http://sangkhakala.kemdikbud.go.id/index.php/SBA/article/view/443/652
http://sangkhakala.kemdikbud.go.id/index.php/SBA/article/view/443/653
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2021 Berkala Arkeologi Sangkhakala
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0
 

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