Volatilitas Pasar Bawang Merah di Kabupaten Probolinggo Provinsi Jawa Timur

Jurnal Agro Ekonomi

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Title Volatilitas Pasar Bawang Merah di Kabupaten Probolinggo Provinsi Jawa Timur
 
Creator SULISTIOWATI, Susanti Evie; Program Studi Ekonomi Pertanian Jenjang Magister, Universitas Brawijaya Jln. Mayjen Haryono, Malang, Jawa Timur, Indonesia, 65145
Anindita, Ratya; Pasca Sarjana Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Brawijaya Jln. Mayjen Haryono, Malang, Jawa Timur, Indonesia, 65145
Asmara, Rosihan; Pasca Sarjana Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Brawijaya Jln. Mayjen Haryono, Malang, Jawa Timur, Indonesia, 65145
 
Subject shallot; consumption; production; import; price; spillover; volatility; Bawang merah; konsumsi; produksi; impor; harga; volatilitas
 
Description EnglishShallot is an agricultural strategic commodity which its market is managed by the Government. Understanding the market dynamics is necessary in formulating the market management policy. This study aims to analyze the volatility magnitude and spillover of shallot production, import, and consumption. This study was conducted in Probolinggo Regency, a major shallot production center, using monthly time series data of 2013-2019 period. Volatility was analyzed using the ARCH/GARCH method, spillover was analyzed using the EGARCH method. The results showed low volatility in production quantity and producers price. High volatility was found for quantity of consumption, import price and consumer price. Volatility spillover was found between producer’s price and production quantity as well as between consumer’s price and consumption quantity. There was no volatility spillover between producer’s price and consumer’s price or between quantity of production and consumption. The findings indicate the existence of asymmetrical information between producers’ market and consumers’ market. Therefore, market stabilization intervention should be focused in the consumers’ market. Price reference may be used as a benchmark in market intervention which includes market operations and import controls. Government should develop market information system to prevent asymmetrical information between the producers’ market and the consumers’ market.IndonesianBawang merah adalah salah satu komoditas pertanian strategis yang pasarnya dikelola pemerintah. Pemahaman tentang dinamika pasar sangat penting dalam perumusan kebijakan pengelolaan pasar. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis besaran dan spillover volatilitas produksi, impor dan konsumsi bawang merah. Penelitian dilakukan di Kabupaten Probolinggo, salah satu sentra produksi bawang merah, dengan menggunakan data bulanan deret waktu selama tahun 2013-2019. Untuk menganalisis volatilitas harga, produksi, dan konsumsi digunakan metode ARCH/GARCH, sedangkan untuk menganalisis volatilitas spillover digunakan metode EGARCH. Hasil analisis menujukkan volatilitas rendah untuk kuantitas produksi dan harga konsumen. Volatilitas tinggi ditemukan untuk kuantitas konsumsi, harga impor dan harga konsumen. Volatilitas spillover terjadi antara harga produsen dan kuantitas produksi serta antara harga konsumen dan kuantitas konsumsi. Volatilitas spillover tidak terjadi antara harga produsen dan konsumen maupun antara kuantitas produksi dan konsumsi. Temuan ini mengindikasikan adanya asimetri informas antara pasar produsen dan pasar konsumen. Karena itu, upaya stabilisasi harga bawang merah sebaiknya di fokuskan di pasar konsumen. Kebijakan referensi harga dapat dijadikan sebagai acuan dalam melaksanakan intervensi pasar yang mencakup operasi pasar dan pengendalian impor. Pemerintah perlu pula membangun sistem informasi pasar untuk menghilangkan masalah asimetri informasi antara pasar produsen dan pasar konsumen.
 
Publisher Pusat Sosial Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Pertanian
 
Contributor
 
Date 2021-06-07
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Peer-reviewed Article
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://ejurnal.litbang.pertanian.go.id/index.php/jae/article/view/12426
10.21082/jae.v39n1.2021.15-27
 
Source Jurnal Agro Ekonomi; Vol 39, No 1 (2021): Jurnal Agro Ekonomi: IN PRESS; 15-27
Jurnal Agro Ekonomi; Vol 39, No 1 (2021): Jurnal Agro Ekonomi: IN PRESS; 15-27
2541-1527
0216-9053
 
Language eng
 
Relation http://ejurnal.litbang.pertanian.go.id/index.php/jae/article/view/12426/9740
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Agro Ekonomi
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0
 

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