Risk Factors for Mortality in Children with Hospital-Acquired Pneumonia in Dr. Soetomo General Hospital Surabaya

Jurnal Respirasi

View Publication Info
 
 
Field Value
 
Title Risk Factors for Mortality in Children with Hospital-Acquired Pneumonia in Dr. Soetomo General Hospital Surabaya
 
Creator Nurhayati, Diska Hanifah
Setyoningrum, Retno Asih
Utariani, Arie
Dharmawati, Ira
 
Subject
Hospital-acquired pneumonia; risk factor; mortality; children
 
Description Introduction: Hospital-Acquired Pneumonia (HAP) is a nosocomial pneumonia that brings negative impacts, such as prolonged hospital stay and increased cost. Previous studies often discussed about the risk factors of HAP mortality in adult patients rather than in children. This study aimed to analyze the risk factors of mortality in children with HAP.Methods: This was a retrospective observational analytic study using cross sectional method with total sampling. A total of 73 children were enrolled in this study, consisted of inpatients at Pediatric Inpatient Room Dr. Soetomo General Hospital Surabaya who met the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Independent variables were gender, age, onset of HAP, length of stay (LOS), comorbidities, birth weight, type of breastfeeding, the use of mechanical ventilation (MV), and response to therapy. Dependent variable was mortality. The data were collected from medical records, which later were analyzed by bivariate and multivariate analysis.Results: The mortality of children with HAP was 23.3%. Bivariate analysis showed that age (p = 0.009), the use of MV (p = 0.029), and response to therapy (p = 0.036) were proven to affect mortality in children with HAP in Dr. Soetomo General Hospital Surabaya. In addition, the use of MV was the significant risk factor (p = 0.023) given by the multivariate analysis. Gender, onset of HAP, LOS, comorbidities, and type of breastfeeding were not proven to be the risk factors for mortality.Conclusion:Mortality in children with HAP in Dr. Soetomo General Hospital Surabaya was significantly affected by children’s age, the use of MV, and response to therapy. This information might be used as early signs and treatment strategies for children with HAP which lead to the decrease of hospital mortality. 
 
Publisher Faculty of Medicine Universitas Airlangga
 
Contributor
 
Date 2021-05-31
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion

 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/JR/article/view/26347
10.20473/jr.v7-I.2.2021.46-52
 
Source Jurnal Respirasi; Vol 7, No 2 (2021): May 2021; 46-52
2621-8372
2407-0831
 
Language eng
 
Relation https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/JR/article/view/26347/14325
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2021 Diska Hanifah Nurhayati, Retno Asih Setyoningrum, Arie Utariani, Ira Dharmawati
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0
 

Contact Us

The PKP Index is an initiative of the Public Knowledge Project.

For PKP Publishing Services please use the PKP|PS contact form.

For support with PKP software we encourage users to consult our wiki for documentation and search our support forums.

For any other correspondence feel free to contact us using the PKP contact form.

Find Us

Twitter

Copyright © 2015-2018 Simon Fraser University Library