Right Cerebellar Tuberculosis with Cranial Nerve Palsy in Pulmonary Tuberculosis Patient

Jurnal Respirasi

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Field Value
 
Title Right Cerebellar Tuberculosis with Cranial Nerve Palsy in Pulmonary Tuberculosis Patient
 
Creator Yandi, I Komang Rusgi
Marhana, Isnin Anang
 
Subject
CNS TB; tuberculosis; anti-tuberculosis; cerebellum
 
Description Introduction: Tuberculosis (TB) is a major public health issue. The most devastating clinical manifestations of TB is Central nervous system (CNS) TB. CNS TB is found approximately in 1% of all patients with active TB, and cerebellar TB is rarely reported. CNS TB can present as meningitis, arachnoiditis, tuberculomas, or the uncommon forms of tuberculous subdural empyema and brain abscess.Case: A 23-year-old patient was reported in October 2018 with signs and symptoms of 2-month history of vertigo, headache, vomiting, weakness, fever, blurred vision, lingual palsy, dysmetria, and decrease of consciousness. The patient had a few months of history of cough, contact with a TB patient, his father, and loss of body weight. On admission, the patient had fever (38.50 C) and Glasgow coma score of 13.Discussion:  CNS TB can occur in an immunocompromised patient with malnutrition, whether a child or young adult. The patient in this case had risk factors because he is a young adult and had contact with a patient of TB, his father. Based on epidemiology, clinical signs and symptoms, radiological findings, and the result of AFB-stained sputum, the patient was diagnosed with right cerebellar TB and PTB.Conclusion: The high morbidity and mortality characteristics of CNS TB are very important to note, thus the prompt diagnosis and therapy should be done. The specific therapy of ATD combined with surgery seems to provide a good result. The clinical and radiological findings were used as the evaluation of the medication.
 
Publisher Faculty of Medicine Universitas Airlangga
 
Contributor
 
Date 2021-05-31
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion

 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/JR/article/view/26238
10.20473/jr.v7-I.2.2021.65-69
 
Source Jurnal Respirasi; Vol 7, No 2 (2021): May 2021; 65-69
2621-8372
2407-0831
 
Language eng
 
Relation https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/JR/article/view/26238/14323
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2021 I Komang Rusgi Yandi, Isnin Anang Marhana
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0
 

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