Transformation of Undocumented Marriages in the Frontier Territory, from Generation One to Generation Three

Jurnal Bina Praja: Journal of Home Affairs Governance

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Field Value
 
Title Transformation of Undocumented Marriages in the Frontier Territory, from Generation One to Generation Three
Transformasi Pernikahan Tidak Tercatat di Perbatasan
 
Creator Bulan, Wahidah R.
 
Subject Keywords: pernikahan tidak tercatat, Tawau, pekerja migran, teori strukturasi
undocumented marriage
Tawau
Indonesian Migrant Workers (TKI)
Structuration Theory
 
Description Undocumented marriage is a social reality prevalent in many communities, including in Tawau (Sabah, Malaysia), where several Indonesian workers make a living. Examining the process of interrelation structure and agency institutionalizing the practice of undocumented marriage through the depiction of the transformation process and the actors that play a role, the study is intended to obtain comprehensive information on why cases continue to occur even to the third generation. The study also identified the impact of unregistered marriages on migrant workers and their families to obtain a measurable picture of the gravity of the problem. As for the reason why Tawau was taken as the locus, considering that cases of undocumented marriage were quite high in the region. Using a case study type qualitative approach with data collection techniques through in-depth interviews and document studies (books, journals, reports, and mass media coverage), the results showed that the marriage process is not recorded as having transformed from generation to generation, which is marked by a decrease in structural strength—and strengthening the roles and abilities of actors to escape structural forces. As a result, the practice of unregistered marriage continues to increase. It is increasingly difficult to stop, although, on the other hand, the real impact of excess marriage is not recorded for the object, especially their children who have difficulty getting educational services. Government efforts to reduce the impact have been made. Unfortunately, it will lose meaning if the increase in unregistered marriages is not stopped.
Dengan menggunakan teori Strukturasi (Giddens), studi ini mengkaji proses interelasi struktur dan agensi melembagakan praktek-praktek pernikahan tidak tercatat di Tawau (Sabah, Malaysia). Studi difokuskan pada upaya pencarian faktor-faktor penyebab terjadinya pernikahan tidak tercatat dan identifikasi peran berbagai aktor yang terlibat, guna mendapat input komprehensif penyusunan langkah-langkah penyelesaian yang lebih efektif mengingat persoalan pernikahan tidak tercatat terus terjadi meski berbagai upaya mengatasi persoalan sudah dilakukan. Tawau (Sabah, Malaysia) diambil sebagai lokus studi mengingat kasus pernikahan tidak tercatat cukup tinggi terjadi di wilayah tersebut. Menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif tipe studi kasus dengan teknik pengumpulan data melalui wawancara mendalam dan studi dokumen; hasil studi menunjukkan bahwa pernikahan tidak tercatat sudah berlangsung hingga generasi ketiga dan sulit dihentikan karena bertemunya kepentingan para aktor. Kepentingan dimaksud adalah kepentingan pekerja migran untuk dapat menikah memenuhi kebutuhan manusiawi mereka, kebutuhan tauke atau para pengusaha kelapa sawit yang mempekerjakan para pekerja migran (para pekerja migran yang sudah menikah lebih bertanggungjawab terhadap pekerjaan serta lebih mudah dikendalikan selain karena faktor human interest yaitu bahwa relasi mereka dengan pekerja migran sudah seperti keluarga) serta adanya kebutuhan para mediator untuk mendapatkan uang.
 
Publisher Research and Development Agency Ministry of Home Affairs
 
Date 2021-04-30
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://jurnal.kemendagri.go.id/index.php/jbp/article/view/823
10.21787/jbp.13.2021.159-170
 
Source Jurnal Bina Praja: Journal of Home Affairs Governance; Vol. 13 No. 1 (2021); 159-170
Jurnal Bina Praja: Journal of Home Affairs Governance; Vol 13 No 1 (2021); 159-170
2503-3360
2085-4323
 
Language eng
 
Relation http://jurnal.kemendagri.go.id/index.php/jbp/article/view/823/461
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2021 Author(s)
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0
 

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