Implementation of Hygiene and Environmental Sanitation in Under Five Years Old Diarrhea Patients at Surabaya Primary Health Center

Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan

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Title Implementation of Hygiene and Environmental Sanitation in Under Five Years Old Diarrhea Patients at Surabaya Primary Health Center
Penerapan Higiene dan Sanitasi Lingkungan pada Pasien Diare Balita di Puskesmas Surabaya
 
Creator Rehana, Anindita
Setiabudi, Rebekah Juniati
Sulistiawati, Sulistiawati
Wahyunitisari, Manik Retno
 
Subject under five years old
diarrhea
facilities
balita
diare
fasilitas
 
Description Surabaya has the most cases of diarrhea in East Java, with the highest detection targets in Gading Health Center (2346 cases) and Mojo Health Center, with diarrhea cases handled by 1322 cases. This study aimed to describe hygiene and environmental sanitation in under-five diarrhea patients in the working area of Surabaya Health Center. This study used a survey method, descriptive approach, interviews, and questionnaires in October 2019-March 2020. The results showed 62,2% of under-fives ‘drinking water sources were ineligible, 86,5% of mothers’ handwashing behavior were ineligible, 67,6% of the use of serving hoods were ineligible, 100% of food ripeness level were eligible, 59,5% of the distance between well and septic tank were eligible, 100% of latrines were eligible, 89,2% of sewerages were ineligible, and 83,8% of waste disposal facilities were ineligible. This research concluded that drinking water sources, handwashing behavior, serving hoods, sewerages, and waste disposal facilities were ineligible. The problems can be solved by consuming branded gallons of water / well water or refillable water that is boiled before consumption, improving how to wash hands with soap and running water, covering food using a serving hood, use the cover to close the sewerage, and throwing the trash into the temporary shelter (TPS) as much as two times a week or less than 3x24 hours.
Kota Surabaya memiliki kasus diare terbanyak di Jawa Timur dengan target penemuan terbanyak di Puskesmas Gading sebanyak 2346 kasus dan Puskesmas Mojo dengan kasus diare ditangani sebanyak 1322 kasus. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengetahui gambaran higiene dan sanitasi lingkungan pasien diare balita di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Surabaya. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode survei, pendekatan deskriptif, wawancara dan kuesioner pada bulan Oktober 2019-Maret 2020. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan 62,2% sumber air minum balita tidak memenuhi syarat, 86,5% perilaku cuci tangan ibu tidak memenuhi syarat, 67,6% penggunaan tudung saji tidak memenuhi syarat, 100% kematangan makanan memenuhi syarat, 59,5% jarak sumur dengan septic tank memenuhi syarat, 100% jamban memenuhi syarat, 89,2%, saluran pembuangan air limbah tidak memenuhi syarat, dan 83,8% sarana pembuangan sampah tidak memenuhi syarat. Simpulan penelitian ini adalah sumber air minum, perilaku cuci tangan, penggunaan tudung saji, saluran pembuangan air limbah, dan sarana pembuangan sampah masing- masing tidak memenuhi syarat. Permasalahan tersebut dapat diatasi dengan mengonsumsi air galon bermerk/air sumur atau air isi ulang yang direbus sebelum dikonsumsi, memperbaiki cara mencuci tangan dengan sabun dan air mengalir, menutup makanan dengan tudung saji, memasang penutup untuk saluran pembuangan air limbah, dan membuang sampah ke TPS sebanyak 2 kali dalam seminggu atau kurang dari 3x24 jam.
 
 
Publisher LPPM Akper Yapenas 21 Maros
 
Date 2021-04-30
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Peer-reviewed Article
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier https://ojs.yapenas21maros.ac.id/index.php/jika/article/view/99
10.36590/jika.v3i1.99
 
Source Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan; Vol. 3 No. 1 (2021): Volume 3, Nomor 1 April 2021; 166-180
Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan; Vol 3 No 1 (2021): Volume 3, Nomor 1 April 2021; 166-180
2686-2883
2337-9847
10.36590/jika.v3i1
 
Language eng
 
Relation https://ojs.yapenas21maros.ac.id/index.php/jika/article/view/99/55
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2021 Anindita Rehana, Rebekah Juniati Setiabudi, Sulistiawati Sulistiawati, Manik Retno Wahyunitisari
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
 

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