ANALISIS FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN STATUS GIZI BAYI USIA 6-12 BULAN PADA MASA PANDEMI COVID-19

Prepotif : Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Title ANALISIS FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN STATUS GIZI BAYI USIA 6-12 BULAN PADA MASA PANDEMI COVID-19
 
Creator Afrinis, Nur
Verawati, Besti
Hendarini, Any Tri
 
Subject Health
maternal knowledge, history of exclusive breastfeeding, occupation, nutritional status of infants
Nutrition
 
Description The condition of the Covid-19 pandemic can cause changes in social conditions and affect the nutritional status of infants. The research objective was to analyze the relationship between maternal knowledge, occupation and history of exclusive breastfeeding with the nutritional status of infants aged 6-12 months during the Covid 19 pandemic. This study was a quantitative study with a cross-sectional design. The research sample was 62 mothers who had infants aged 6-12 months with total sampling technique. The research was conducted from January to March in Pulau Tinggi village, the working area of Puskesmas Kampar. The tools used are scales, and questionnaires. Data analysis used univariate and bivariate analysis with the chi square test. The results showed that as many as 45 mothers (72.58%) lacked knowledge of mothers, 49 mothers (79.03%) did not work, 33 babies (53.23%) were given exclusive breastfeeding, and as many as 41 babies (66.1%) ) abnormal nutritional status. Meanwhile, bivariate analysis showed a relationship between maternal knowledge (p-value = 0.001) and history of exclusive breastfeeding (p-value = 0.000), with the nutritional status of the baby. There is no relationship between maternal occupation and infant nutritional status (p-value = 0.058.) There was a significant relationship between maternal knowledge and history of exclusive breastfeeding with infant nutritional status and there is no relationship between maternal occupation and maternal nutritional status. It was recommended that health workers provide counseling to mothers to increase knowledge about balanced nutrition in infants.

Keywords : maternal knowledge, history of exclusive breastfeeding, occupation, nutritional status of infants

ABSTRAK
Kondisi Pandemi covid-19 dapat menyebabkan terjadinya perubahan kondisi sosial dan mempengaruhi status gizi bayi. PTujuan penelitian untuk menganalisis hubungan faktor pengetahuan ibu, pekerjaan dan riwayat pemberian ASI ekskusif dengan status gizi bayi usia 6-12 bulan pada masa pandemi covid 19. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kuantitatif dengan desain cross sectional. Sampel penelitian adalah 62 ibu yang mempunyai bayi usia 6-12 bulan dengan teknik total sampling. Penelitian dilakukan pada Januari- Maret di desa Pulau Tinggi wilayah kerja Puskesmas Kampar. Alat yang digunakan timbangan, dan kuesioner. Analisis data menggunakan analisa univariat dan bivariat dengan uji chi square. Hasil penelitian didapatkan bahwa sebanyak 45 ibu (72,58%) pengetahuan ibu kurang, 49 ibu (79,03%) tidak bekerja, sebanyak 33 bayi (53,23%) diberikan ASI ekslusif, dan sebanyak 41 bayi (66,1%) status gizinya tidak normal. Sedangkan analisis bivariat menunjukkan adanya hubungan pengetahuan ibu (p-value=0.001) dan riwayat pemberian ASI eksklusif (p-value=0.000), dengan status gizi bayi. Tidak terdapat hubungan antara pekerjaan ibu dengan sttaus gizi bayi (p-value=0.058.) Terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara pengetahuan ibu dan riwayat pemberian ASI eksklusif dengan status gizi bayi dan tidak ada hubungan antara pekerjaan ibu dengan status gizi ibu. Disarankan kepda petugas kesehatan untuk memberikan penyuluhan kepada ibu untuk meningkatkan pengetahuan tentang gizi seimbang pada bayi.
 
Publisher Universitas Pahlawan Tuanku Tambusai
 
Contributor Universitas Pahlawan Tuanku Tambusai
 
Date 2021-04-28
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Peer-reviewed Article
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier https://journal.universitaspahlawan.ac.id/index.php/prepotif/article/view/1601
10.31004/prepotif.v5i1.1601
 
Source PREPOTIF : Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat; Vol 5, No 1 (2021): April 2021; 304 - 310
2623-1581
2623-1573
 
Language eng
 
Relation https://journal.universitaspahlawan.ac.id/index.php/prepotif/article/view/1601/pdf
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2021 Nur Afrinis
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0
 

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