Autism Spectrum Disorder Behavioral Implications of the Covid-19 Process, and Individuals’ Awareness and Reactions to Pandemic Conditions based on California, USA

Engineering International

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Field Value
 
Title Autism Spectrum Disorder Behavioral Implications of the Covid-19 Process, and Individuals’ Awareness and Reactions to Pandemic Conditions based on California, USA
 
Creator Choi, Myung Suh
Chon, Irene
Lee, Katherine
Kang, Kevin
Kim, Juno
Bae , Eddie
 
Subject Autism Spectrum
Disorder Behavior
Covid-19
Awareness
Pandemic Conditions
California
 
Description Vulnerable populations, such as patients with mental illnesses, are known to be overly influenced during disasters and pandemics. However, little is known about how people with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), one of the most common neurodevelopmental conditions in the world with a prevalence of 1%, are affected by health-related disasters, particularly the current Covid-19 pandemic. We investigated how individuals with ASD responded to Covid-19 in terms of comprehension and adherence to implemented measures; changes in their behavioral problems; and how the anxiety levels of their caregivers relate to these behavioral changes. Our sample consisted of 50 individuals with ASD (30 male and 20 female; ages ranged from 3 to 14). The majority of our participants had trouble grasping what Covid-19 is and the measurements it necessitates. They also encountered difficulties in implementing pandemic-related social distance and hygiene regulations. During this time, the majority of students stopped receiving special education. In terms of increased stereo-types, aggression, hypersensitivity, behavioral problems, and sleep and appetite changes, we observed a Covid-19-related clinical presentation that resembled PTSD in individuals with ASD. Aberrant Behavior Checklist (ABC) subscales differed significantly before and after the pandemic conditions. There were differences among the caregivers’ anxiety levels between the current behavioral problem levels to the behavioral problem levels prior to the pandemic. The difference in ABC total score, and specifically the lethargy/social withdrawal subscale score, predicted the anxiety score of the parents. Our findings suggest that the Covid-19 period poses unique challenges for people with ASD and their caregivers, emphasizing the importance of targeted, distance special education interventions and other support services for this population.
 
Publisher Asian Business Consortium
 
Date 2021-04-24
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier https://abc.us.org/ojs/index.php/ei/article/view/527
10.18034/ei.v9i1.527
 
Source Engineering International; Vol. 9 No. 1 (2021): January - June Issue; 29-40
2409-3629
10.18034/ei.v9i1
 
Language eng
 
Relation https://abc.us.org/ojs/index.php/ei/article/view/527/1029
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2021 MS Choi, Irene Chon, Katherine Lee, Kevin Kang, Juno Kim, Eddie Bae
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0
 

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