Kelimpahan Tungau Predator pada Tanaman Melati Gambir (Jasminum officinale) di Desa Cipawon, Bukateja, Purbalingga, Jawa Tengah

BioEksakta : Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Unsoed

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Title Kelimpahan Tungau Predator pada Tanaman Melati Gambir (Jasminum officinale) di Desa Cipawon, Bukateja, Purbalingga, Jawa Tengah

 
Creator Rakhmayani, Ika
Budianto, Bambang Heru
Ambarningrum, Trisnowati Budi
 
Description The Gambier Jasmine plant (Jasminum officinale) is located in Bukateja District, Cipawon Village, Purbalingga, Central Java is a commodity with high economic value, its use a tea fragrance, cosmetics, perfumes dan others. One of the cause of decreased productivity of Gambier Jasmine is ude to the presence of pets, namely mites. The pest mite population is controlled by predatory mites. Therefore, this study aimed to determne the types of predatory mites and determine the abundance of predatory mites in Gambier Jasmine (J. officinale) in Cipawon Village, Purbalingga, Central Java.
This research used survey method with purposive sampling technique. There are nine sampling points, eight pointa on the outer edge and one point in the middle of plantation. Each sampling is represented by three trees. The sample in the form of Gambier Jasmine Leaves came form the lowest ten leaf stalks in one tree at each sampling point. The number of leaf samples obtained was 270 leaf samples. Each sampling point was taken three times with one week intervals. The variable observed include the number of individuals and the number of species of predatory mites on the Gambier Jasmine (J. officinale) and the parameters calculated were leaf area, leaf sitting angle, length and density of trichomes, temperature, humidity, asa well as rainfall. The data obtained were analyzed by analysis of variance (ANOVA) with an error rate of 20%. The result of the identification of predatory mites on the Gambier Jasmine plant were obtained by two species, namely Amblyseius largoensis and Phytoseius amba. A. largoensis as many as 76 individuals with an abundance percentage of 61,8% and P. amba as many as 47 individuals with an abundance percentage of 38,2%. The abundance of predatory mites A. largoensis and P. amba is classified as moderate because predators are easy to find, every three leaves there is one predator.
Key words: abundance., Cipawon., Gambier Jasmine., predatory mites.
 
Tanaman melati gambir (Jasminum officinale) yang terdapat di Kecamatan Bukateja, Desa Cipawon, Purbalingga, Jawa Tengah merupakan salah satu komoditas bernilai ekonomi tinggi, kegunaannya tidak hanya sebagai tanaman hias, tetapi sebgai bahan pengharum the, kosmetik, parfum, dan lain-lain. Salah satu penyebab penurunan produktivitas Melati Gambir di disebabkan oleh adanya serangan hama yaitu tungau. Populasi tungau hama dikendalikan oleh tungau predator. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui jenis-jenis tungau predator dan menentukan kelimpahan tungau predator pada tanaman Melati Gambir (J. officinale) di Desa Cipawon, Purbalingga, Jawa Tengah. Metode penelitian ini menggunakan metode survey dengan teknik pengambilan sampel secara purposive sampling.  Terdapat sembilan titik sampling, delapan titik di tepi luar dan satu titik di tengah perkebunan. Setiap sampling diwakili oleh tiga pohon. Sampel berupa daun melati gambir berasal dari 10 tangkai daun terbawah diperoleh sebanyak 270 sampel daun. Masing-masing titik sampling diambil sebanyak tiga kali ulangan dengan interval waktu satu minggu. Variabel yang diamati meliputi jumlah individu dan jumlah spesies tungau predator pada tanaman melati gambir dan parameter yang dihitung yaitu luas daun, sudut duduk daun, panjang dan kerapatan trikoma, temperature, kelembapan serta curah hujan. Data yang diperoleh dianalisis dengan analisis variansi (ANOVA) dengan tingkat kesalahan 20%. Hasil identifikasi tungau predator pada tanaman melati gambir didapatkan dua spesies yaitu Amblyseius largoensis dan Phytoseius amba. A. largoensis sebanyak 76 individu dengan presentase kelimpahan 61,8% dan P. amba sebanyak 47 individu dengan presentase kelimpahan 38,2%. Kelimpahan tungau predator tergolong sedang karena predator mudah dijumpai, setiap tiga daun dijumpai satu predator.
 
 
Kata Kunci: Cipawon., kelimpahan., melati Gambir., tungau predator.
 
 
Publisher Fakultas Biologi Universitas Jenderal Soedirman
 
Date 2021-04-10
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Peer-reviewed Article
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://jos.unsoed.ac.id/index.php/bioe/article/view/3927
10.20884/1.bioe.2020.2.3.3927
 
Source BioEksakta : Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Unsoed; Vol 3 No 1 (2021): Bioeksakta; 33-40
2714-8564
 
Language eng
 
Relation http://jos.unsoed.ac.id/index.php/bioe/article/view/3927/2351
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2021 BioEksakta : Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Unsoed
 

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