Evaluation of medicinal potential and antibacterial activity of selected plants against Streptococcus mutans

Acta Fytotechnica et Zootechnica

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Title Evaluation of medicinal potential and antibacterial activity of selected plants against Streptococcus mutans
 
Creator Sahoo, Archita
Choudhury, Rikina
Devi, Rajkumari Supriya
Kumar, Sachin
Pradhan, Srimay
Biswal, Susanta K
Kumar, Sanjeet
 
Description Article Details: Received: 2020-06-15 | Accepted: 2020-09-28 | Available online: 2021-03-31 https://doi.org/10.15414/afz.2021.24.01.9-15The aim of the study is to screen the bioactive compounds (saponin, tannin, phenolic compounds, terpenoid & steroid) present in selected ethnomedicinal plants, Terminalia bellirica (fruits), Smilax zeylanica (leaves) and Dioscorea oppositifolia (fruits) from Odisha state, India. The single formulation was prepared using the selected plants parts in the ratio 1 : 6 : 3 respectively for quantitative analysis of tannin & total phenol, antioxidant activity and analysis of MIC (Minimum Inhibitory Concentration) against Streptococcus mutans causing bacteria of tooth decay. Results revealed that selected plant parts are rich source of bioactive compounds like tannin, phenolic compounds and saponin. The quantitative analysis of secondary metabolites showed highest concentration of tannin. It was noted that antioxidant activity is highest in methanol extract as compared to aqueous and acetone. MIC analysis also revealed that formulated powder had excellent antibacterial activity against S. mutans and it was observed the lowest values (450 µg ml-1) showed aqueous & methanol followed by acetone. The herbal formulation might be used to formulate new herbal products against tooth decay in near future.Keywords: antibacterial activity, antioxidant activity, ethnomedicinal plants, secondary metabolites, tooth decay ReferencesANDERSON, T. (2004). Dental treatment in medieval England. British Dental Journal, 197(7), 419–425.DESHMUKH, M.A. and THENG, M.A. (2018). Phytochemical screening, quantitative analysis of primary secondary metabolites of Acacia aeabica bark. International Journal of Current Pharmaceutical Research, 10(2), 35–37.DHANYA, S.V.S., et al. (2018). Preliminary phytochemical activity of Smilax zeylanica L. (Smilaceaceae). 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Publisher Acta Fytotechnica et Zootechnica
 
Contributor Ambika Prasad Research Foundation
 
Date 2021-04-01
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion

 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://www.acta.fapz.uniag.sk/journal/index.php/on_line/article/view/648
 
Source Acta Fytotechnica et Zootechnica; Vol 24, No 1 (2021)
1336-9245
1336-9245
 
Language eng
 
Relation http://www.acta.fapz.uniag.sk/journal/index.php/on_line/article/view/648/pdf
 
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